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Ampulicini

Cockroach wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea; Family: Ampulicidae)

Classification

Ampulex Jurine

Distribution

Worldwide, but most diverse in the tropics.
Ampulex_with_prey_Deropeltis_Dion_Brandt
Ampulex_with_prey_Deropeltis_Dion_Brandt Ampulex_with_prey_Deropeltis_Dion_Brandt
A female Ampulex dragging its paralysed prey item Deropeltis erythrocephala to a nest site (Photographs Dion Brandt)

Biology

Nest in hollow stems and crevices. Prey on cockroaches, which are paralysed and dragged backwards by the wasp to a suitable nest site in a crack or crevice. The nest is provisioned with one or more cockroachs, each prey item being separated with a loose plug of plant debris.

References

Bohart, R.M. & Menke, A. S. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World: a Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Brothers D.J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea) Zoologica Scripta 28: 233250.

Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Soliman AM, Gadallah NS, Ohl M & Dhafer HMA. 2017. Revision of the digger wasps of the Ampulicidae and Heterogynaidae (Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia, with the description of a new species of the enigmatic genus Heterogyna Nagy. Journal of Natural History 51: 2057-2085. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2017.1355492.

Links

CATALOG OF WORLD SPHECIDAE sensu lato (= Apoidea excluding bees) compiled by
Wojciech J. Pulawski (California Academy of Sciences).

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Dion Brandt.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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