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Colletidae

Membrane bees, Plasterer bees, Masked bees of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea)

Classification

Colletinae
Hylaeinae 

Distribution

Worldwide, with greatest diversity in the Australasian region.

Biology

Many species in the Hylaeinae provision the nest with liquid or semi-liquid pollen that has been carried in the crop rather than being collected into an external pollen carrying apparatus (scopa) that these bees lack. Most species of Colletinae collect pollen into an external pollen carrying apparatus (scopa).

References

Brothers D.J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea) Zoologica Scripta 28: 233250.

Cockerell TDA. 1942. Bees of the family Hylaeidae from the Ethiopian Region. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 101: 115.

Dathe HH. 2014. Studies on the systematics and taxonomy of the genus Hylaeus F. (8). Revision of the Afrotropic subgenus Hylaeus (Deranchylaeus) Bridwell (Hymenoptera: Anthophila, Colletidae). Zootaxa 3874 (1): 184.

Dathe HH. 2015. Studies on the systematics and taxonomy of the genus Hylaeus F. (9)
Supplement to the taxonomy and distribution of Afrotropical Hylaeus F. species (Hymenoptera: Anthophila, Colletidae). Contributions to Entomology 65 (1): 9 26.

Eardley, C & Urban, R. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Eardley, C, Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Eardley C.,Kuhlmann M., Pauly A. 2010. The Bee Genera and Subgenera of sub-Saharan Africa. Abc Taxa vol 7: i-vi, 138 pp.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 953 pp.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Snelling, R.R. 1985. The systematics of the hylaeine bees (Hymenoptera:
Colletidae) of the Ethiopian zoogeographical region: The genera and subgenera
with revisions of the smaller groups. Contributions in Science, Natural History
Museum of Los Angeles County
361: 1-33.

Credits

Photographs Laurence Packer's website: Bee Tribes of the World or

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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