HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Amegilla_atrocincta

Afrotropical Apoidea

Bees and "Sphecid" wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)


Spheciformes (Sphecid wasps)

Ampulicidae

Crabronidae  

Heterogynaidae

Sphecidae


Apiformes (Bees)
Andrenidae

Apidae

Colletidae
Halictidae 
Megachilidae 
Melittidae

Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Either provision the nest with arthropods as food for the larva (spheciformes wasps) or provision the nest with pollen and nectar (bees).

References

Arnold, G. 1920. A revision of the South African species of the genus Sphex Linn. (olim Ammophila Kirby). Proceedings of the Rhodesia Scientific Association 18 (2):25-55, 2 pls.

Arnold, G. 1922. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part I. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 9:101-138.

Arnold, G. 1923a. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part II. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 9:143-190, pl. V.

Arnold, G.  1923b. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part III. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 9:191-253.

Arnold, G.  1923c. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part IV. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 10:1-58.

Arnold, G.  1924.The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part V. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 11:1-73, pl. I-II.

Arnold, G.  1925. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part VI. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 11:137-175.

Arnold, G.  1926. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part VII. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 11:338-376.

Arnold, G.  1927. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part VIII. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 12:55-131.

Arnold, G. 1928a. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part IX. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 12:191-232, pl.VIII.

Arnold, G.  1928b. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part X. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 12: 233-279, pls. IX-XI.

Arnold, G.  1928c. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part XI. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 12:338-375.

Arnold, G. 1929a. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part XII. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 13:217-319.

Arnold, G. 1929b. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part XIII. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 13:320-380, pl. VI.

Arnold, G. 1929c. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part XIV. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 13:381-418, pls. VII-VIII.

Arnold, G. 1930. A check-list of the Sphegidae of the Ethiopian Region. University Press, Cambridge, England. 21 pp.

Arnold, G. 1931. The Sphegidae of South Africa. Part XV (conclusion). Annals of the Transvaal Museum 14:135-220.

Arnold, G. 1932. New species of Ethiopian Sphegidae. Occasional Papers of the Rhodesian Museum 1:1-31.

Arnold, G. 1933. Entomological expedition to Abyssinia, 1926-7. Hymenoptera, II.: Sphegidae and Psammocharidae. With an introductory note and supplementary list by Hugh Scott, Sc. D. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) 11:351-371.

Arnold, G. 1935. Scientific results of the Vernay-Lang Kalahari expedition, March to September, 1930. Sphegidae and Psammocharidae. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 16: 497-505.

Arnold, G. 1945 (1944). The Sphecidae of Madagascar. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 193 pp.

Arnold, G. 1951. Sphecidae and Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Mr. K.M. Guichard in West Africa and Ethiopia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 2:95-183.

Arnold, G. 1960. Aculeate Hymenoptera from the Drakensberg Mountains, Natal. Annals of the Natal Museum 15: 79-87.

Brothers D.J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea) Zoologica Scripta 28: 233250.

Eardley, C & Urban, R. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 953 pp.

Ohl, M. & Bleidorn, C. 2006. The phylogenetic position of the enigmatic wasp family Heterogynaidae based on molecular data, with description of a new, nocturnal species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Systematic Entomology 31: 321337. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2005.00313.x

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521548.

Sharkey, M.J., Carpenter, J.M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A.P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A.R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W.C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Links

CATALOG OF WORLD SPHECIDAE sensu lato (= Apoidea excluding bees) compiled by
Wojciech J. Pulawski (California Academy of Sciences).

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort or Norman Larsen (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Duncan Butchart or Sheila Dumesh (PCYU - Packer Collection York University) and Laurence Packer's website: Bee Tribes of the World. Photograph of Halictus Ivan Andersen.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter