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Ceraphronid wasps of Africa and Madagascar 

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Ceraphronoidea)



Aphanogmus Thomson, 1858

Ceraphron Jurine, 1807
Cyoceraphron Dessart, 1975
Gnathoceraphron Dessart & Bin, 1981
  Retasus Dessart, 1984


Synarsis Förster, 1878

Distribution Worldwide
Biology Parasitoids of insects in semi-concealed situations (Diptera, Hemiptera, Neuroptera and Thysanoptera) or hyperparasitoids of Hymenoptera prepupa. 


Worldwide: 315 species in 14 genera.

Afrotropical region: 49 species in 6 genera.


Dessart P. 1966. Contribution a létude des Hyménoptčres Proctotrupoidea. (XI) Revision des Ceraphronidae d’Afrique orientale decrits par l’Abbé Jean-Jacques Kieffer. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 42(19): 1–30.

Dessart P. 1978. Four new species of African Ceraphronidae (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 41: 275–284.

Dessart P. & Cancemi P. 1987. Tableau dichotomique des genres de Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera) avec commentaries et nouvelles especes. Frustula Entomologica 7-8: 307-372.

Johnson, N.F. & Musetti, L. 2004. Catalog of systematic literature of the superfamily  Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 33: 1-149.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Ceraphronoidea (pp. 566-569). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner L. & Dessart P. 1967. La reclassification des categories taxonomiques superieures des Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 43(22): 1–33.

Mikó I, Masner L, Johannes E, Yoder MJ, Deans AR 2013. Male terminalia of Ceraphronoidea: morphological diversity in an otherwise monotonous taxon. Insect Systematics & Evolution 44 (3–4), 261–347. DOI: 10.1163/1876312X-04402002

Mikó I, Yoder M.J. and Deans AR. 2011. Order Hymenoptera: Family Megaspilidae: Genus Dendrocerus. In: Arthropod Fauna of the UAE. Van Harten, A (ed). Dar Al Ummah, Abu Dhabi.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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