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Megaspilid wasps of Africa and Madagascar 

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Ceraphronoidea)


Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Ectoparasitoids of fly pupa (Diptera) or hyperparasitoids of Hymenoptera.


Worldwide: 323 species in 12 genera.

Afrotropical region: 27 species in 5 genera.


Dessart P. 1987. Revision des Lagynodinae (Hymenoptera Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 57: 5–30.

Dessart P. & Cancemi P. 1987. Tableau dichotomique des genres de Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera) avec commentaries et nouvelles especes. Frustula Entomologica 7-8: 307-372.

Dessart P. 1997. Les Megaspilinae ni europeens, ni americains 1 Le genre Conostigmus
Dahlbom, 1858 (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Megaspilidae). Memoires de la Socie´te´ Royale Belge
e 37: 3–144.

Johnson, N.F. & Musetti, L. 2004. Catalog of systematic literature of the superfamily  Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 33: 1-149.

Madl M. 2015. A catalogue of the families Ceraphronidae, Megaspilidae (Ceraphronoidea), Diapriidae (Diaprioidea) and Proctotrupidae (Proctotrupoidea) of the Malagasy subregion (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beitraege 47(1): 621–652.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Ceraphronoidea (pp. 566-569). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner L. & Dessart P. 1967. La reclassifi cation des categories taxonomiques superieures des Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 43(22): 1–33.

Mikó I, Masner L, Johannes E, Yoder MJ, Deans AR 2013. Male terminalia of Ceraphronoidea: morphological diversity in an otherwise monotonous taxon. Insect Systematics & Evolution 44 (3–4), 261–347. DOI: 10.1163/1876312X-04402002

Mikó I, Yoder M.J. and Deans AR. 2011. Order Hymenoptera: Family Megaspilidae: Genus Dendrocerus. In: Arthropod Fauna of the UAE. Van Harten, A (ed). Dar Al Ummah, Abu Dhabi.

Mikó I, Trietsch C, Sandall EL, Yoder MJ, Hines H, Deans AR. 2016. Malagasy Conostigmus (Hymenoptera: Ceraphronoidea) and the secret of scutes. PeerJ 4:e2682 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2682


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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