HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Eucharitidae

Eucharitid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

Eucharitinae

Oraseminae

Distribution Worldwide, but most diverse in tropical and subtropical regions.
Biology Parasitoids of ant larvae. Eggs are laid into plant tissue. The mobile planidium larva attaches itself to an ant worker and is carried into the nest, where it transfers to a larva. The planidium then waits until the ant larva pupates and then commences feeding as an ectoparasitoid. The planidium will sometimes feed on an intermediate carrier such as a Thysanopteran if it initially is not successful in attaching to an ant worker when it hatches (Heraty, 2002).

References

Gibson A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M. 1994. Classification and evolution of the Oraseminae in the Old World, including revision of two closely related genera of Eucharitinae (Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae). Life Sciences Contributions, Royal Ontario Museum 157: vii+174pp. 

Heraty, J.M. 2002. A revision of the genera of Eucharitidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the World. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 68: 1-359.

Murray, E.A. & Heraty, J.M. 2016. Invading Africa: a novel transoceanic dispersal by a New World ant parasitoid. Journal of Biogeography 43: 17501761. doi:10.1111/jbi.12789

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter