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Eulophidae

Eulophid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

Entedoninae

Entiinae

 

Eulophinae

Tetrastichinae

Unplaced: Trisecodes Delvare & LaSalle, 2000

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

External or internal parasitoids of a wide range of insect orders, but mainly Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera. A few species are phytophagous, and some are predators of gall-mites or nematodes.

References

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Burks, R.A., Heraty, J.M., Gebiola, M. & Hansson, C. 2011. Combined molecular and morphological phylogeny of Eulophidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), with focus on the subfamily Entedoninae. Cladistics, 27, 581–605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00358.x 

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Graham, M.W.R. de V. 1987. A reclassification of the European Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with a revision of certain genera. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 55(1): 1-392.

Gumovsky, A., Bouček, Z. & Delvare, G. 2006. New genera and species of Afrotropical Entedoninae (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 80–81 (4), 74–75.

Gumovsky, A. 2018. New enigmatic species of the genus Pediobius (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) from Afrotropics, with notes on related genera. Zootaxa 4438(2): 201–236. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4438.2.1

Gumovsky A, van Noort, S. 2022. Afronympha, a new genus of Entedoninae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) from the rainforests of Africa. Zootaxa 5104: 242–250. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5104.2.4

Hansson, C. & Straka, J. 2009. The name Euderinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a junior homonym. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111: 272–273.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics, 29, 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kim, I.-K., & LaSalle, J. 2008. A new genus and species of Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) inducing galls in seed capsules of Eucalyptus. Zootaxa 1745: 63–68.

La Salle, J. 1993. Aprostocetus (Ootetrastichus) theioneurus (Masi) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): a hyperparasitoid on the cereal stem borer Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Africa. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 67: 445-451.

La Salle J., Schauff M.E. 1994. Systematics of the tribe Euderomphalini (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): parasitoids of whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology 19: 235-258.

Masi, L. 1917. Chalcididae of the Seychelles islands. (With an appendix by J.J.Kieffer.) Novitates Zoologicae 24:121-330.
Munro, J.B., Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. 2011. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera).
PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e27023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027023

Polaszek, A. & LaSalle, J. 1995. The hyperparasitoids (Hymenoptera: Ceraphronidae,

Murphy S., La Salle J. 1999. Balancing biological control strategies in the IPM of New World invasive Liriomyza leafminers in field vegetable crops. Biocontrol News and Information 20: 91-104.

Encyrtidae, Eulophidae, Eurytomidae) of cereal stem borers (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Pyralidae) in Africa. African Entomology 3(2): 131-146.

Perry RK, Heraty JM. 2021. Read between the lineata: A revision of the tattooed wasps, Zagrammosoma Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with descriptions of eleven new species. Zootaxa 4916: 1–108. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4916.1.1

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar 13: 7-409.

van Noort S, Smith R, Coetzee JA. 2021. Identity of parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae and Eulophidae) reared from aquatic leaf-mining flies (Diptera: Ephydridae) on invasive Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa in South Africa. African Invertebrates 62: 287–314. https://doi.org/10.3897/afrinvertebr.62.62842

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Janine Kelly (Biosystematics Division, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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