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Eulophidae

Eulophid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

Entedoninae

Entiinae

 

Eulophinae

Tetrastichinae

Unplaced: Trisecodes Delvare & LaSalle, 2000

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

External or internal parasitoids of a wide range of insect orders, but mainly Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera. A few species are phytophagous, and some are predators of gall-mites or nematodes.

References

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Burks, R.A., Heraty, J.M., Gebiola, M. & Hansson, C. 2011. Combined molecular and morphological phylogeny of Eulophidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), with focus on the subfamily Entedoninae. Cladistics, 27, 581–605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00358.x 

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Gumovsky, A. 2018. New enigmatic species of the genus Pediobius (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) from Afrotropics, with notes on related genera. Zootaxa 4438(2): 201–236. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4438.2.1

Hansson, C. & Straka, J. 2009. The name Euderinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a junior homonym. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111: 272–273.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics, 29, 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kim, I.-K., & LaSalle, J. 2008. A new genus and species of Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) inducing galls in seed capsules of Eucalyptus. Zootaxa 1745: 63–68.

La Salle, J. 1993. Aprostocetus (Ootetrastichus) theioneurus (Masi) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): a hyperparasitoid on the cereal stem borer Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Africa. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 67: 445-451.

Masi, L. 1917. Chalcididae of the Seychelles islands. (With an appendix by J.J.Kieffer.) Novitates Zoologicae 24:121-330.
Munro, J.B., Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. 2011. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera).
PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e27023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027023

Polaszek, A. & LaSalle, J. 1995. The hyperparasitoids (Hymenoptera: Ceraphronidae, Encyrtidae, Eulophidae, Eurytomidae) of cereal stem borers (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Pyralidae) in Africa. African Entomology 3(2): 131-146.

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar 13: 7-409.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Janine Kelly (Biosystematics Division, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2019. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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