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Pteromalidae_Vida_van_der_Walt

Pteromalidae

Pteromalid wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

  Asaphinae
Austroterobiinae
  Ceinae
  Cerocephalinae
Cleonyminae
  Colotrechinae
Diparinae

Epichrysomallinae

  Eunotinae
  Herbertiinae
  Louriciinae
  Macromesinae
  Miscogastrinae
Ormocerinae

Otitesellinae

  Panstenoninae
Parasaphodinae
Pireninae
Pteromalinae
  Spalangiinae

Sycoecinae

Sycoryctinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Life history strategies are diverse. Species may be parasitoids, hyperparasitoids, inquilines, or kleptoparasitoids of a wide variety of insects and arachnids, or phytophagous gall-formers.
Links

Chalcid Forum

CNCI Chalcidoidea site

UCR Chalcidoidea site

USDA SEL Chalcidoidea site

Universal Chalcidoidea Database

References

Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea, a biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 832 pp.

Brues, C.T. 1907. New chalcid-flies from Cape Colony. Bulletin of the Wisconsin Natural History Society 5: 46-53.

Gibson A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, GAP. 2015. The presence of Notanisus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in North America and revision of the oulmesiensis species group. Zootaxa 3948: 422-450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3948.3.4

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Mitroiu, M-D. 2017. Revision of world Austroterobiinae and Parasaphodinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae), parasitoids of giant scales (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Monophlebidae). Zootaxa 4301 (1): 1-63, DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4301.1.1

Noyes, J.S. 2014. Universal Chalcidoidea Database, Natural History Museum London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/chalcidoids/index.html

Prinsloo, G.L. 1980. An illustrated guide to the families of African Chalcidoidea. Rep. S. Afr., Dept. Agric. Fish. Sci. Bull. No. 395: 1-66.

Popovici OA, Mitoiu, MD & Notton DG. 2014. New teratological cases in Platygastridae and Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera). Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 491-499.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa). Banner image © Vida van der Walt.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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