HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits


Tanaostigmatid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

  Enigmencyrtus Trjapitzin, 1977
Tanaostigma Howard, 1890
Tanaostigmodes Prinsloo & LaSalle, 1995


Worldwide, except for the Palaearctic region.


Gregarious phytophagous gall formers and seed predators.


Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Gupta A, Joshi S. 2016. The first record of the genus Tanaostigma (Hymenoptera: Tanaostigmatidae) in the old world, with the description of a new species from India. Zootaxa 4193(1): 197–200. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4193.1.13

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Howard LO. 1890. A new and remarkable encyrtid: is it parasitic. Insect Life 3: 145-148.

LaSalle J. 1987. New World Tanaostigmatidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 23(1): 1−181.
LaSalle J. 1997
. Chapter 19, Tanaostigmatidae. In: Gibson GAP, Huber JT, Woolley JB, editors.
Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Ottawa (Canada): 525
National Research Council Research Press; p. 700–704, 794.

Trjapitzin, V.A. 1977. New genera and species of parasitic Hymenoptera of the family Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 30: 153-166.

Risbec, J. 1955. Chalcidoïdes et proctotrupoïdes africaines. Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire. 17: 533-580.

van Noort S, Copeland RS. 2020. First record of the genus Tanaostigma (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Tanaostigmatidae) from the Afrotropical region with description of three new species. Journal of Natural History 54: 703-722. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2020.1746426


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2022 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter