HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Trichogrammatidae

Trichogrammatid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

 

Aphelinoidea Girault, 1911

 

Bloodiella Novicky 1935

 

Brachygrammatella Girault, 1915  

 

Chaetogramma Doutt, 1975  

 

Chaetostricha Walker, 1851   

Kyuwia Pinto & George, 2004
 

Epoligosita Girault, 1916  

  Haeckeliania Girault, 1912
  Hayatia Viggiani, 1982
 

Lathromeris Förster, 1856   

 

Lathromeromyia Girault 1914

 

Megaphragma Timberlake, 1924   

 

Microcaetiscus (Ghesquière, 1946)  

 

Oligosita Walker, 1851   

 

Oligositoides Doutt 1968

 

Paracentrobia Howard, 1897   

 

Paratrichogramma Girault 1912

Poropoea Foerster, 1851
  Probrachista Viggiani, 1968
  Pseudoligosita Girault, 1913
 

Trichogramma Westwood, 1833   

Trichogrammatoidea Girault, 1911

 

Tumidiclava Girault, 1911

 

Ufensia Girault, 1913

 

Uscana Girault, 1911   

 

Xiphogramma Novicky 1940

Distribution

Worldwide.

Diversity Worldwide: 800 described species in about 84 genera. Estimated total of 4000 species worldwide. Trichogrammatidae contain some of the smallest insects with a total adult length ranging from a paltry fifth of a millimeter to 1.5mm.
Biology Parasitoids of eggs of other insects (most commonly Hemiptera, but Coleoptera and Lepidoptera eggs are also parasitized).

References

Berg, M.A. van den; Newton, P.J.; Deacon, V.E. and Crause, C. 1987. Dispersal of Trichogrammatoidea cryptophlebiae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), and egg parasitoid of the false codling moth Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Tortricidae) in an empty habitat. Phytophylactica. 19(4): 515-516.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Chambers, B.Q., Samways, M.J. and Ironside, D.A. 1995. Egg distribution of the fruit borers Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyrick) and C. batrochopa (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and their egg parasitoid Trichogrammatoidea cryptophlebiae Nagaraja (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in macadamia trees in Malawi. African Entomology. 3(2): 181-188.

Foerster, A. 1851. Eine Centurie neuer Hymenopteren. Vierte und fünfte Dekade. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, Bonn 8: 1-42, 1 plate.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Laudonia S, Viggiani G, Biondi S. 2017. A new species of Poropoea Foerster from Africa (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Trichogrammatidae). ZooKeys 658: 81–87. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.658.11501

Nagaraja, H. 1979. Studies on Trichogrammatoidea (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Oriental Insects 12(4): 489-530.

Pinto, J.D. & George, J. 2004. Kyuwia, a new genus of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera) from Africa. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 106: 531-539.

Prinsloo, G.L. 1984. An illustrated guide to the parasitic wasps associated with citrus pests in the Republic of South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Republic of South Africa 402:

Viggiani, G. 2019. New genera, species, and records of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 161-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/fe.2019.377

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Stefania Laudonia & Gennaro Viggiani (University of Naples Federico II).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2022 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter