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Dryinidae keys

Keys to dryinid wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae)

Keys home page

*** NB Chrome Version 42 (released April 2015) removed the Netscape Plugin API (NPAPI) architecture that Java requires to function. This means that the Lucid Phoenix keys will not load in Google Chrome. Please use an alternative browser (IE, FireFox, or Safari on Mac OS X) to load the Lucid Phoenix keys.

Lucid have addressed this incompatibility issue for the Lucid Matrix keys which will now load in Chrome and other browsers as an independent Java application. The jnlp file will download and the file will need to be accepted and run. The html version can still be opened in Safari and Firefox and is the recommended version for these browsers.

Users can choose between three different key formats depending on their personal preference: a standard dichotomus key, a Lucid Phoenix key or a Lucid matrix key. The standard dichotomus key is a web based version of the traditional printed couplet key. Although Lucid Phoenix keys are interactive keys they are still dichotomous and a choice needs to be made at each key couplet to continue. Lucid matrix keys, on the other hand, use a different approach where relevant states from multiple character features can be selected independently until identification is achieved. For more information concerning Lucid keys visit www.lucidcentral.org.


Key to Afrotropical dryinid subfamilies.

Standard Dichotomus key

Lucid Matrix key 

html version best for Safari and Firefox

Lucid Matrix key 

Chrome friendly version: open & run jnlp file download



Key to Afrotropical anteonine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Key to Afrotropical aphelopine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Single genus: Apoaphelopus.





Key to Afrotropical apodryinine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Single genus: Bocchus.





Key to Afrotropical conganteonine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Key to Afrotropical dryinine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Key to Afrotropical gonatopodine genera.

Standard Dichotomus key





Single genus: Thaumatodryinus.



System requirements

The latest Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version must be installed. To check if you have Java installed on your system type "Java -version" in a Command prompt (Windows) or Terminal console (Mac, Unix).


If you receive an unknown command error message or your Java build number is not current then you need to install the latest (free) edition of JRE, which can be found at:  http://java.com/en/download/index.jsp

Pop-up blockers on your browser need to be turned off to access character images and species pages (fact sheets) from within the key environment.

What to do if your Java security settings prevent the key from opening. Go to the programs folder on your computer; open the Java Folder; click on Configure Java tab, which will open the Java Control Panel; click on the Security tab; under Exception site list click on Edit site list and add the WaspWeb url: http://www.waspweb.org

If you are still having problems opening the keys visit the Java page: How do I enable Java in my web browser? and follow the instructions for the browser you are using.


Finnamore, A.T. & Brothers, D.J. 1993. Superfamily Chrysidoidea (pp. 130-160). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Kimsey, L.S. & Bohart, R.M. 1990. The Chrysidid wasps of the world. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 652 pp.

Krombein, K.V. 1983. Three New Egg Parasites of South African Walking Sticks (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae, Amiseginae). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 46: 139-146.

Krombein, K.V. 1984. Two New Egg Parasites of South African walking sticks and notes on two previously described species (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae, Amiseginae). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 47: 211-215.

Krombein, K.V. 1986. A remarkable new African amisegine wasp (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae: Amiseginae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 88: 509-514.

Krombein, K.V. 1994. A new Anachrysis from South Africa (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae: Amiseginae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 96: 339-341.

Olmi, M., Copeland, R.S. & van Noort, S. 2019. Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa 4630: 1619. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1


Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Robert Copeland (ICIPE).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2019. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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