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Scolebythidae

Scolebythid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea)

Classification

  Scolebythus Evans, 1963
Ycaploca Nagy, 1975

Distribution

Madagascar, South Africa. Also Australia and Brazil.

Diversity

Three species, each in its own genus (two occur in the Afrotropical region).

Biology

Probably gregarious external parasitoids of wood-boring Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). Larvae pupate within the host burrow.

References

Azevedo, C.O. 1999. A Key to World Species of Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with Description of a New Species of Dominibythus from Brazil. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8 (1): 1-5.

Brothers D.J. 1981. Note on the biology of Ycaploca evansi (Hymenoptera: Scolebythidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 44: 107 - 108.
Day, M.C. 1977.
A new genus of Plumariidae from southern Africa, with notes on Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Cimbebasia 4: 171-177.

Engel, M. & Grimaldi, D.A. 2006. Cretaceous Scolebythidae and phylogeny of the family (Hymenoptera; Chrysidoidea). American Museum Novitates 3568: 16 pp.
Evans, H.E. 1963.
A new family of wasps. Psyche 70 (1): 7-16, pl. 2.
Evans, H.E., Kugler, C. & Brown, W.L. Jr. 1979.
Rediscovery of Scolebythus madecassus, with description of the male and of the female sting apparatus (Hymenoptera: Scolebythidae). Psyche 86 (1): 45-51.
Finnamore, A.T. & Brothers, D.J.
1993. Superfamily Chrysidoidea (pp. 130-160). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Nagy, C.G. 1975. A new genus of Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera) from South Africa and Australia. J. Ent. Soc. S. Africa 38: 75-78.

Sorg, M. 1988. Zur Phylogenie und Systematik der Bethylidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Geologisches Instititut der Universität zu Köln Sonderveröffentlichungen 63: 146 pp.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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