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Liopteridae keys

Identification keys to liopterid wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Liopteridae)

Keys home pageCynipoidea keys

*** NB Chrome Version 42 (released April 2015) removed the Netscape Plugin API (NPAPI) architecture that Java requires to function. This means that the Lucid keys will not load in Google Chrome. Please use an alternative browser (IE, FireFox, or Safari on Mac OS X) to load the Lucid keys.

Users can choose between three different identification key formats depending on their personal preference. Although Lucid Phoenix keys are interactive keys they are still dichotomous and a choice needs to be made at each key couplet to continue. Lucid matrix keys, on the other hand, use a different approach where relevant states from multiple character features can be selected independently until identification is achieved. For more information concerning Lucid keys visit www.lucidcentral.org.

Liopteridae        

Key to Afrotropical genera of Liopteridae

 

(van Noort, Buffington & Forshage, 2015)

Lucid Phoenix key

Standard Dichotomus key

Lucid Matrix key

 


Oberthuerella        

Key to world species of Oberthuerella

 

(Buffington & van Noort,  2012)

Lucid Phoenix key

Standard Dichotomus key

 


Tessmannella        

Key to world species of Tessmannella

 

(Buffington & van Noort,  2012)

Lucid Phoenix key

Standard Dichotomus key

 


Xenocynips        

Key to world species of Xenocynips

 

(Buffington & van Noort,  2012)

Lucid Phoenix key

Standard Dichotomus key

 


Paramblynotus        

Key to Afrotropical species of Paramblynotus

 

(van Noort & Buffington, 2013)

Lucid Phoenix key

Standard Dichotomus key

 


Oberthuerellinae      

Key to Afrotropical species of Oberthuerellinae (Oberthuerella; Tessmannella; Xenocynips)

 

(Buffington & van Noort,  2012)

Lucid Matrix key

 


System requirements

Java Runtime Environment (JRE) must be installed. To check if you have Java installed on your system type "Java -version" in a Command prompt (Windows) or Terminal console (Mac, Unix).

If you receive an unknown command error message or your Java build number is not the latest version then re-install the latest edition of JRE, which can be found at:  http://java.com/en/download/index.jsp

Pop-up blockers on your browser need to be turned off to access character images and species pages (fact sheets) from within the key environment.

What to do if your Java security settings prevent the key from opening. Go to the programs folder on your computer; open the Java Folder; click on Configure Java tab, which will open the Java Control Panel; click on the Security tab; under Exception site list click on Edit site list and add the WaspWeb url: http://www.waspweb.org

If you are still having problems opening the keys visit the Java page: How do I enable Java in my web browser? and follow the instructions for the browser you are using.


References

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Zookeys 202: 1-154.

Liu, Z, Ronquist, F. & Nordlander, G. 2007. The cynipoid genus Paramblynotus: revision, phylogeny, and historical biogeography (Hymenoptera, Liopteridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 304: 1-151.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Ronquist, F. 1995. Phylogeny and classification of the Liopteridae, an archaic group of cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 46: 1-74.

van Noort, S. & Buffington, M.L. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31: 1-64.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS).

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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