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Ismaridae

Ismarid wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Diaprioidea)

Classification

Ismarus Haliday, 1835

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Hyperparasitoids of Cicadellidae through larvae of Dryinidae

References

Chambers VH. 1955. Some hosts of Anteon spp. (Hym. Dryinidae) and a hyperparasite Ismarus
(Hymenoptera. Belytidae). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 91: 114–115.

Chambers VH. 1981. A host for Ismarus halidayi Foerst. (Hym., Diapriidae). Entomologist’s
Monthly Magazine
117: 29.
Comério EF, Perioto NW, Lara RIR. 2016. A New Species of Ismarus Haliday (Hymenoptera:
Ismaridae) from Brazil and a New Occurrence Record for Ismarus gracilis Masner. Entomo Brasilis 9(3): 197–201. https://doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v9i3.589
Jervis MA. 1979. Parasitism of Aphelopus species (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) by Ismarus dorsiger (Curtis) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae). Entomologist’s Gazette 30: 127–129.

Johnson, N.F. 1992. Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1-825. doi:10.5281/zenodo.23657

Kim CJ, Notton DG, Ødegaard F, Lee JW. 2018. Review of the Palaearctic species of Ismaridae Thomson, 1858 (Hymenoptera: Diaprioidea). European Journal of Taxonomy 417:
1–38. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.417

Kim C-J, Copeland RS, Notton DG. 2018. The family Ismaridae Thomson (Hymenoptera, Diaprioidea): first record for the Afrotropical region with description of fourteen new species. African Invertebrates 59(2): 127-163. https://doi.org/10.3897/afrinvertebr.59.24403

Kolyada VA, Chemyreva VG. 2016. Revision of species of the genus Ismarus Haliday, 1835
(Hymenoptera: Diaprioidea: Ismaridae) of the Russian fauna. Far Eastern Entomologist
318: 1–19.
Kozlov MA. 1971. Proctotrupoids (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea) of the USSR. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva 54: 3–67.

Liu, J., Chen, H., & Xu, Z. 2011. Notes on the genus Ismarus Haliday (Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) from China. ZooKeys 108: 49–60. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.108.768

Masner, L. 1976. A revision of the Ismaridae of the New World (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea, Diapriidae). The Canadian Entomologist 108: 1243-1266. doi:10.4039/Ent1081243-11.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Proctotrupoidea (pp. 537-557). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner L, García JL. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the New
World. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268: 1–138. https://doi.org/10.1206/0003-0090(2002)268<0001:TGODHD>2.0.CO;2
Nixon GEL. 1957. Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea, Diapriidae subfamily Belytinae. Handbooks
for the Identification of British Insects 8(3dii): 1–107.
Olmi M. 2000. Bio-ecologia degli Imenotteri Driinidi e loro impiego in programmi di lotta biologica. In: Lucchi A (Ed.) La Metcalfa negli ecosistemi italiani. ARSIA, Firenze, 93–117.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Tussac H, Tussac M. 1991. Récapitulatif d’une collecte de Dryinidae et Diapriidae (Hym.
Chrysidoidea et Proctotrypoidea). Entomologiste 47(4): 189–194.
Wall I. 1967. Die Ismarinae und Belytinae der Schweiz. Entomologische Abhandlungen 35:
123–265.

Credits

Photographs © Chang-Jun Kim (Korea National Arboretum) or © Robert Copeland (ICIPE).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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