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Ismaridae

Ismarid wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Diaprioidea)

Classification

Ismarus Haliday, 1835

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Hyperparasitoids of Cicadellidae through larvae of Dryinidae

References

Johnson, N.F. 1992. Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1-825. doi:10.5281/zenodo.23657

Liu, J., Chen, H., & Xu, Z. 2011. Notes on the genus Ismarus Haliday (Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) from China. ZooKeys 108: 4960. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.108.768

Masner, L. 1976. A revision of the Ismaridae of the New World (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea, Diapriidae). The Canadian Entomologist 108: 1243-1266. doi:10.4039/Ent1081243-11.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Proctotrupoidea (pp. 537-557). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Credits

Photographs Robert Copeland (ICIPE).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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