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Ismaridae

Ismarid wasps of the Afrotropical region

Classification

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Diaprioidea)

Ismarus Haliday, 1835

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Hyperparasitoids of Cicadellidae through larvae of Dryinidae

References

Chambers VH. 1955. Some hosts of Anteon spp. (Hym. Dryinidae) and a hyperparasite Ismarus
(Hymenoptera. Belytidae). Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 91: 114–115.

Chambers VH. 1981. A host for Ismarus halidayi Foerst. (Hym., Diapriidae). Entomologist’s
Monthly Magazine
117: 29.
Comério EF, Perioto NW, Lara RIR. 2016. A New Species of Ismarus Haliday (Hymenoptera:
Ismaridae) from Brazil and a New Occurrence Record for Ismarus gracilis Masner. Entomo Brasilis 9(3): 197–201. https://doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v9i3.589
Jervis MA. 1979. Parasitism of Aphelopus species (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) by Ismarus dorsiger (Curtis) (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae). Entomologist’s Gazette 30: 127–129.

Johnson, N.F. 1992. Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1-825. doi:10.5281/zenodo.23657

Kim CJ, Notton DG, Ødegaard F, Lee JW. 2018. Review of the Palaearctic species of Ismaridae Thomson, 1858 (Hymenoptera: Diaprioidea). European Journal of Taxonomy 417:
1–38. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.417

Kim C-J, Copeland RS, Notton DG. 2018. The family Ismaridae Thomson (Hymenoptera, Diaprioidea): first record for the Afrotropical region with description of fourteen new species. African Invertebrates 59(2): 127-163. https://doi.org/10.3897/afrinvertebr.59.24403

Kolyada VA, Chemyreva VG. 2016. Revision of species of the genus Ismarus Haliday, 1835
(Hymenoptera: Diaprioidea: Ismaridae) of the Russian fauna. Far Eastern Entomologist
318: 1–19.
Kozlov MA. 1971. Proctotrupoids (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea) of the USSR. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva 54: 3–67.

Liu, J., Chen, H., & Xu, Z. 2011. Notes on the genus Ismarus Haliday (Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) from China. ZooKeys 108: 49–60. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.108.768

Masner, L. 1976. A revision of the Ismaridae of the New World (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea, Diapriidae). The Canadian Entomologist 108: 1243-1266. doi:10.4039/Ent1081243-11.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Proctotrupoidea (pp. 537-557). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner L, García JL. 2002. The genera of Diapriinae (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in the New
World. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 268: 1–138. https://doi.org/10.1206/0003-0090(2002)268<0001:TGODHD>2.0.CO;2

Nixon GEJ. 1946. LXXV. A new myrmecophilous diapriid (Hymenoptera. Serphoidea). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13: 107, 787-789. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222934608654600
Nixon GEJ. 1957. Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea, Diapriidae subfamily Belytinae. Handbooks
for the Identification of British Insects 8(3dii): 1–107.

Notton DG. 2004. A catalogue of types of the smaller taxa of Proctotrupoidea (Hymenoptera) in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, with notes on the history of the insect collection of L.A.G. Bosc d’Antic. Zoosystema 29 (3): 457-470.

Olmi M. 2000. Bio-ecologia degli Imenotteri Driinidi e loro impiego in programmi di lotta biologica. In: Lucchi A (Ed.) La Metcalfa negli ecosistemi italiani. ARSIA, Firenze, 93–117.

Özdikmen H. 2010. New names for some preoccupied specific epithets in the superfamily Diaprioidea (Hymenoptera). Munis Entomology & Zoology 5(2): 745-752.

Risbec J. 1950. Contribution a l'étude des Proctotrupidae (Serphiidae). Proctotrupidès de la
Section technique d'Agriculture tropicale (A.O.F.) et Proctotrupidès du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (Afrique et Colonies françaises). Traveaux du Laboratoire d'Entomologie du Secteur Soudanais de Recherches Agronomiques, Station expérimentale de M'Bambey (Senegal) et Section Technique d'Agriculture Tropicale du Ministère de la France d'Outre-Mer (Gouvernement Générale de l'Afrique Occidentale Française): 509-639.

Risbec J. 1954. Chalcidoides et Proctotrupoides de l’Afrique occidentale française (3. Supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Française de l’Afrique Noire 16 (2): 524-552.

Risbec J. 1954. Chalcidoides et Proctotrupoides de l’Afrique occidentale française (3. Supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Française de l’Afrique Noire 16 (2): 524-552.

Risbec J. 1957. Hyménoptères, Proctotrupidae et Chalcidoïdes. Mémoires de l’Institut scientifique de Madagascar (E) 8: 321-366.

Risbec J. 1958. Contributions a la connaissance des Hymenopteres Chalcido!des et Proctotrupoldes de rAfrique Noire. Ann. Mus. Congo BeIge Tervuren, in-8°, Zool. 64: 1-139.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Sundholm, A. 1970. Hymenoptera. Proctotrupidae. In: Hanstrom, B, Brink, P. & Rudebeck, G. (eds.) South African Animal Life. Lund: Berlingska Boktryckeriet 14: 306-401.

Townes H, Townes M. 1981. A revision of the Serphidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 32: 1-541.

Tussac H, Tussac M. 1991. Récapitulatif d’une collecte de Dryinidae et Diapriidae (Hym.
Chrysidoidea et Proctotrypoidea). Entomologiste 47(4): 189–194.
Wall I. 1967. Die Ismarinae und Belytinae der Schweiz. Entomologische Abhandlungen 35:
123–265.

Yoder, M. 2021. The Diapriidae. http://www.diapriid.org/projects/4/public/site/diapriid/home

Credits

Photographs © Chang-Jun Kim (Korea National Arboretum) or © Robert Copeland (ICIPE).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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