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Evaniidae

Ensign wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Evanioidea)

Classification

Afrevania Benoit, 1953
  Brachevania Turner, 1927
  Brachygaster Leach, 1815
Evania Fabricius, 1775
  Micrevania Benoit, 1952
  Prosevania Kieffer, 1912
Trissevania Kieffer, 1913
Zeuxevania Kieffer, 1902
Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Predators of cockroach eggs. Evaniids oviposit into the concealed egg cases (ootheca) and the larvae feed on the eggs and pupate inside the ootheca.

References

Benoit, P. L. G. 1949. Nouveaux Evaniidae du Congo belge appartenant aux genres Zeuxevania, Evania, et Prosevania. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 42: 274-284.

Benoit, PLG. 1950. Evaniides éthiopiens du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. Revue Française d'Entomologie 17: 267-271.

Benoit, PLG. 1951. Evaniidae (Hymenoptera Terebrantia). Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G. F. de Witte (1933-1935) 73: 19-25.

Benoit, PLG. 1952. Les Evaniidae Malagaches (Hym-Terebr). Mémoires de l’Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série E 1: 165-179.

Benoit, PLG. 1953. Trois nouveaux Evaniidae du Congo Belge (Hymen). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 48: 257-260.

Bradley JC. 1908. The Evaniidæ, ensign-flies, an archiac family of hymenoptera.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society 34:101-194.

Brues CT. 1918. A new species of Evania from the Cameroons (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae). Psyche 25: 93-95.

Brues, CT. 1924. Some South African parasitic Hymenoptera of the families Evaniidae, Bracenidae {sic}, Alysiidae, and Plumariidae, in the South African Museum with a catalogue of the known species. Annals of the South African Museum 19: 1-150.

Cameron, E. 1957. On the parasites and predators of the cockroach. II. Evania appendigaster (L.). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 48: 199-209.

Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Capetown. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Ceballos, G. 1950. Evania eos n. sp. Eos (Revista Española de Entomología) (Tomo Extraordinario): 425-426.

De Saeger, H. 1943. Contribution à l’étude des Hyménoptères du Congo belge Evaniidae. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 37: 331-348.

Deans AR. 2002. Papatuka alamunyiga Deans, a new genus and species of apterous ensign wasp (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) from Kenya. Zootaxa 95(1):1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.95.1.1

Deans, A.R. 2005. Annotated catalog of the world's ensign wasp species (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 34: 1-164.

Deans A, Huben M. 2003. Annotated key to the ensign wasp (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) genera of the world, with descriptions of three new genera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 105: 859-875.
Deans AR, Gillespie JJ, & Yoder MJ 2006. An evaluation of ensign wasp classification (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) based on molecular data and insights from ribosomal RNA secondary structure. Systematic Entomology 31: 517–528.

Deans AR, Yoder MJ, Dole K. 2019. Evanioidea Online - catalog of information about evanioid wasps (Hymenoptera). http://evanioidea.info

Enderlein, G. 1901. Neue Evaniiden, Stephaniden, Mutillen (Apterogyna), Proctotrupiden, und Chalcididen mit einer Bestimmung stabelle der africanischen Stephaniden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 67: 187-220.

Enderlein, G. 1903. Zwei neue ostafrikanische Zeuxevania-Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitscrift 48: 41-44.
Enderlein, G. 1905. Zur Klassifikation der Evaniiden. Zoologischer Anzeiger 28: 699-716.
Enderlein, G. 1906. Neue Evaniiden, besonders aus Sumatra. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 67: 227-245.
Enderlein, G. 1909. Neue Evaniiden aus Formosa und Südamerika. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 70:262.
Enderlein, G. 1912. H Sauter’s Formosa - Ausbeute Braconidae, Proctotrupidae und Evaniidae (Hym). Entomologische Mitteilungen 1:257-267.
Enderlein, G. 1912. Über einige Evaniiden und Stephaniden des deutschen entomologische Museums (Hym.) Entomologische Mitteilungen 1: 388-391.

Fabricius, JC. 1775. Systema Entomologiae, Sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae, Kortii. 832 pp.

Hedicke H. 1939. Evaniidae. In: Hedicke H, ed. Hymenoptorum Catalogus Pars 9. Gravenhage: Dr. W. Junk.

Huben M. 1995. Evaniidae. In: Hanson P, Gauld I, eds. The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford University Press, 195-199.

Kieffer, JJ. 1902. Hymenoptera fam. Evaniidae. in: Wytsman, P. (ed.) Genera Insectorum 2 (2): 1-13 + 1 plate. Brussels, Belgium.

Kieffer, JJ. 1904. Beschreibung neuer Proctotrypiden und Evaniiden. Arkiv för Zoologi 1: 525-562.

Kieffer, JJ. 1909. Description de nouveaux Hyménoptères. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria 4: 105-117.

Kieffer, JJ. 1910. Serphidae, Cynipidae, Chalcididae, Evaniidae, und Stephanidae as Äquatorialafrika. Wißenschaftliche Ergibnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908 3 (Zoologie I): 1-29

Kieffer, J. J. 1911. Diagnoses de nouveaux Evaniides (Hym). Bulletin de la Société d'entomologique de France 1911: 303-305.

Kieffer, JJ. 1912. Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Evaniidae. Das Tierreich 30: I-XIX + 1-431. Berlin.

Kieffer JJ.1913. Proctotrupidae, Cynipidae et Evaniidae. Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911–1912), Insectes Hymenopteres I: 1–35.

Kohl FF. 1894. Zur Hymenopterenfauna Afrikas. Annalen des k.k. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums 9 (3-4): 279-350 + plates XIII-XVII

Leach, WE. 1815. Entomology. Pp. 57-172 in: The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. D. Brewster (ed.) Vol. 9. Edinburgh, U.K.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Edito Decima, Tomus I., Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii + 1-824.

Magretti, P. 1908. Collections recueillies par M le Baron Maurice de Rothschild dans l’Afrique orientale. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 14: 187-190.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Mikó I, Copeland RS, Balhoff JP, Yoder MJ, Deans AR 2014. Folding Wings like a Cockroach: A Review of Transverse Wing Folding Ensign Wasps (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae: Afrevania and Trissevania). PLoS ONE 9(5): e94056. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094056

Schletterer A. 1886. Ueber die Hymenopteren-Gattung Evania Fabr. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 36: 1-46.

Schulthess, A. von. 1918. Neue Hymenopteren aus Madagaskar, gesammelt von Dr. K. Friedrichs. Neue Beiträge zur systematische Insektenkunde 1: 97-101.

Sharanowski BJ, Peixoto L, Dal Molin A, Deans AR. 2019. Multi-gene phylogeny and divergence estimations for Evaniidae (Hymenoptera) PeerJ 7:e6689. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6689

Spinola, M. 1838. Des Hyménoptères recueillis par M. Fischer pendant son voyage en Égypt, et communiqués par M. Le Docteur Waltl a Maximilien Spinola. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 7: 437-489.

Spinola, M. 1840. Note monographique sur le genre Evania. Revue Zoologique 1840: 244-248.

Turner, R.E. 1927. New parasitic Hymenoptera in the British Museum. Annals and magazine of natural history 9: 553–560.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Robert Copeland (ICIPE, Nairobi) or © Istvan Mikó (Frost Entomological Museum, Pennsylvania, USA).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2019. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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