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Alysiinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

Classification

Adelphenaldis Fischer, 2003
  Alitha Cameron,1906
Alysia Latreille 1804
Aphaereta Förster,1862
Asobara Förster,1862
  Aspilota Förster,1862
  Bobekoides van Achterberg,1998
Chaenusa Haliday,1839
  Chorebus Haliday,1833
  Coelalysia Cameron,1911
  Coelinius Nees,1819
Dinotrema Foerster, 1862
  Fischeralysia van Achterberg,1994
  Gastralysia Fischer,1967
  Grandilota Fischer,2002
  Haeselyusa Fischer,1997
  Heratemis Walker,1860
  Hovalysia Granger,1949
Idiasta Förster,1862
  Kritscherysia Fischer,1993
  Lysodinotrema Fischer,1995
  Microcrasis Fischer,1975
  Neocoelinius Granger,1949
  Orthostigma Ratzeburg,1844
  Phaenocarpa Förster,1862
  Rhacalysia Cameron,1910
  Senwot Wharton,1983
  Synaldis Förster,1862

Biology

Solitary koinobiont endoparasitoids of Cyclorrhapha larvae (Diptera). Species in the tribe Alysiini are parasitoids of a range of Cyclorrhapha, whereas species of Dacnusini are specialist parasitoids of leaf and stem-mining flies (mostly in the families Agromyzidae, Ephydridae and Chloropidae).

Species richness

About 2300 described species worldwide.

Distribution

Worldwide.

References

Fischer, M. 1993. Zur Formenvielfalt der Kieferwespen der Alten Welt: Über die Gattungen Synaldis Foerster, Trisynaldis Fischer und Kritscherysia Fischer gen. nov. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 94/95B: 451-490.

Fischer, M. 2003. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Gattungen Synaldis Foerster und Adelphenaldis Fischer, gen. nov. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 35: 19-74.

Fischer, M. 2008. Über die Gattungen Idiasta Foerster, Aphaereta Foerster und Hylcalosia Fischer (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Linzer Biologische Beitrage, 40 (1), 703–734.

Fischer, M. 2009. Neuen Arten der Gattungen Dinotrema Foerster 1862, Aspilota Foerster 1862 und Eudinostigma Tobias 1986 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae: Alysiini). Annalen des Naturhistorisches Museums Wien, Serie B 110: 103-127.
Fischer, M. & Beyarslan, A. 2012. New species of Synaldis Foerster and Idiasta Foerster, and further records of Turkish Alysiini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae). Zoology in the Middle East, 55 (1), 55–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2012.10648918

Papp, J. 2007. Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea XXII. Subfamily Alysiinae. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53: 1-38.

Peris-Felipo F.J., Broad G.R., Belokobylskij S.A. 2014. Two new Afrotropical Asobara species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with complete notauli. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 54: 693-701.

Peris-Felipo, F.J., Broad, G.R., Belokobylskij, S.A. & Jiménez-Peydró, R. 2014. Three New Adelphenaldis Species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) from Africa, with first descriptions of the female of A. subsurrectionis (Fischer) and the male of A. claricornis (Fischer). African Entomology 22: 561-576.

Peris-Felipo, F.J., Belokobylskij, S.A. & Jiménez-Peydró, R. 2014. Revision of the Western Palaearctic species of the genus Dinotrema Foerster, 1862 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Zootaxa, 3885 (1), 1–483.

 http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3885.1.1

Peris-Felipo FJ. 2015. Review of the genus Aphaereta Förster, 1863 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) from the Afrotropical region, with description of three new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 42: 1–20. doi: 10.3897/JHR.42.9135

Peris-Felipo FJ. & Belokobylskij, S.A. 2016. New South African species of the genus Idiasta Foerster, 1863 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae), with a key to the Afrotropical and Malagasy taxa. Zootaxa 4150: 566–570. doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4150.5.3.

Szépligeti, G. 1910. 8. Hymenoptera. 3. Braconidae und Ichneumonidae. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906 unter leitung von Prof. Dr. Yngve Sjöstedt, 2 (8–14), 25–96.
van Achterberg, C. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 283, 1–189.

van Achterberg, C. 1988. The genera of the Aspilota–group and some descriptions of fungicolous Alysiini from the Netherlands (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae). Zoologische Verhandelingen 247: 1-88.
van Achterberg, C. & Prinsloo, G.L. 2012. Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Opiinae, Alysiinae) reared from aquatic leaf-mining Diptera on Lagarosiphon major (Hydrocharitaceae) in South Africa. African Entomology 20: 124–133.
Wharton, R.A.
1980. Review of the Nearctic Alysiini (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) with discussion of generic relationships within the tribe. University of California Press. Berkeley, U.S.A. 88:112 pp.

Wharton, R.A. 1984. Biology of the Alysiini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of cyclorrhaphous Diptera. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station. Technical Monograph. 11:1-39.

Wharton, R.A. 2002. Revision of the Australian Alysiini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 16 (1), 7–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IT01012
Yu, D.S., Achterberg, van C. & Horstman, K. 2012. Taxapad 2012,
World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or photographs © F.J. Peris-Felipo (Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Valencia, Spain).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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