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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys


Adeshoides van Achterberg, 1983

Admonitosoter Mamood, Papp & Quick, 2010.


Africadesha Quicke, 1986


Amyosoma Viereck, 1913


Aphrastobracon Ashmead, 1896


Archibracon Saussure, 1892


Aspidobracon van Achterberg, 1984


Atanycolus Förster, 1862

Bacuma Cameron, 1906

Bathyaulax Szépligeti, 1906

Bracon Fabricius, 1804


Braconella Szépligeti, 1906


Campyloneurus Szépligeti, 1900


Carinibracon van Achterberg, 1983


Cassidibracon Quicke, 1987


Chaoilta Cameron, 1899


Chelonogastra Ashmead, 1900


Commatapsis van Achterberg & Sigwalt, 1987


Compsobracon Ashmead, 1900

Cratocnema Szépligeti, 1914

Cyanopterus Haliday, 1835


Deltaphyma van Achterberg, 1983


Digonogastra Viereck, 1912


Dioxybracon Granger, 1949


Doggerella Quick, Mamood & Papp, 2011

Esenga Cameron, 1906


Euvipio Szépligeti, 1904


Fraterarchibracon Quicke, 1985


Glyptomorpha Holmgren, 1868


Hybogaster Szépligeti, 1906

Iphiaulax Förster, 1862


Iphibracon van Achterberg & Sigwalt, 1987

Kimavu Quicke, 1986


Latana Cameron, 1906


Lasiophorus Haliday, 1838


Malagopsis van Achterberg, 1983


Megalommum Szépligeti, 1900


Meganura Szépligeti, 1906

Merinotus Szépligeti, 1906


Mesobracon Szépligeti, 1902


Mesobraconoides Sarhan & Quicke, 1990


Monilobracon Quicke, 1984


Monocoila Roman, 1910


Neohelcon Szépligeti, 1913


Nundinella Szépligeti, 1914


Odesia Cameron, 1906


Odontoscapus Kriechbaumer, 1894


Paxillibracon Quicke, 1985


Physaraia Shenefelt, 1978


Plaxopsis Szépligeti, 1905

Presoter Mamood, Papp & Quick, 2010


Pseudodicrogenium Fahringer, 1936


Pseudovipio Szépligeti, 1896


Rhadinobracon Szépligeti, 1906

Rhammura Enderlein, 1905

Rhytimorpha Szépligeti, 1901


Rugosibracon Quicke, 1988


Schiztobracon Cameron, 1906

Scutibracon Quicke & Walker,1989

Serraulax Quicke, 1987


Serrundabracon van Achterberg, 2003


Shelfordia Cameron, 1902


Sobrinarchibracon Quicke, 1985


Sororarchibracon Quicke, 1985

Soter Saussure, 1892


Stenobracon Szépligeti, 1901


Stirostoma Cameron, 1912


Sylvibracon Quicke, 1984


Triaspidogastra Granger, 1949


Trigastrotheca Cameron, 1906


Tropobracon Cameron, 1905


Tsavobracon Quicke, 1985


Vaepellis Quicke, 1987

Vipio Latreille, 1804


Vipiomorpha Tobias, 1962

Zaglyptogastra Ashmead, 1900


Zanzopsis van Achterberg, 1983


Endoparasitoids (idiobiont) of concealed larvae of xylophagous and stem-boring Coleoptera and Lepidoptera and rarely of Diptera and Symphyta.




Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Classification of the Ichneumon flies, or the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 23(1206): 1-220.

Baltazar, C.R. 1962. The genera of parasitic Hymenoptera in the Philippines, Part 1. Pacific Insects. 4(4):737-771.  

Brues, C.T. 1924. Some South African parasitic Hymenoptera of the families Evaniidae, Braconidae, Alysiidae, and Plumariidae in the South African Museum with a catalogue of the known species. Annals of the South African Museum. 19:1-150.

Brues, C.T. 1926. Studies on Ethiopian Braconidae with a catalogue of the African species. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 61:206-436.  
Brullé, M.A. 1846. Tome Quatričme. Des Hyménoptčres. Les Ichneumonides. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A. "Histoire Naturelles des Insectes." Paris. 680 pp. pp. 56-521.
Cameron, P. 1905
. On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa (Second paper). Record of the Albany Museum. 1: 185-244

Cameron, P. 1905. On some new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Cape Colony and Transvaal. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 15: 195-257.
Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Cameron, P. 1911. On the parasitic Hymenoptera collected by Mr. A.J.T. Janse, Transvaal. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 2: 173-217.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. (A)2:1-428.

Haliday, A.H. 1835. Essay on parasitic Hymenoptera. Entomological Magazine. 3(1): 20-45.
Kaartinen, R. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2007
. A revision of the African parasitic wasp genus Bathyaulax Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History 41: 125-212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930601121221

Kaartinen, R. & Mahmood, K., Papp, J. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2011. A new Afrotropical genus Doggerella gen. nov. of braconine wasp (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with twelve new species. Zootaxa 2927: 1-37.
Mahmood, K., Papp, J. & Quicke, D. L. J. 2010. Two new Afrotropical genera and species of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with descriptions of new species. Zootaxa 2476: 14 –22.

Papp, J. 2000. Cratocnema juxtacasum sp.n. from Malgasy (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica. 61:149-156.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1985. Further reclassification of Afrotropical and Indo-Australian Braconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Oriental Insects. 18:339-353.  

Quicke, D.L.J. 1987. The Old World genera of braconine wasps. Journal of Natural History 21:43-197.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1988. Inter-generic variation in the male genitalia of the Braconinae (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 17:399-409.  

Quicke, D.L.J.1988. Higher classification, biogeography and biology of the Braconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Pages 117-138 in Gupta, V.K., ed. Advances in parasitic Hymenoptera research. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 546 pp.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1989. Parasitic braconine wasps of the genus Archibracon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Natural History 23: 29-70.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. The African species of Zaglyptogastra (Hymenoptera) with a checklist of world species. Journal of Natural History 25: 755-771.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. Tergal and inter-tergal metasomal glands of male Braconine wasps (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 19:413-423.  
Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. The non-European Braconinae types of Szépligeti housed in Budapest (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 83:169-186.  

Quicke, D.L.J. 2007. A revision of the African parasitic wasp genus Bathyaulax Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History 41: 125-212.

Quicke, D.L.J. & Walker, A. 1989. A new Indo-Australian genus of Braconinae (Hym., Braconidae) parasitic on Hispidae (Col.). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 125: 19-24

Quicke, D.L.J., Wharton, R.A. & Sittertz Bhatkar, H. 1997. Antero-lateral abdominal scent glands of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 6(2): 219-230.  

Quicke DLJ, Guy TJ, van Noort S, Broad GR & Butcher BA. 2017. New species of Bacuma Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae) from Kenya and West Darfur with a partial key to species. Zootaxa 4263: 43–71. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4263.1.2

Quicke DL J, Koch F, Broad GR, Bennett AMR, van Noort S, Hebert PDN, Butcher BA. 2018. A new species of Rhytimorpha Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) from IsraelZoology in the Middle East doi:10.1080/09397140.2018.1470301. 

Shenefelt, R.D. 1978. Braconidae 10. Braconinae, Gnathobraconinae, Mesestoinae, Pseudodicrogeniinae, Telengainae, Ypsistocerinae, plus Braconidae in general, major groups, unplaced genera and species. Hymenopterorum Catalogus (nova editio). Pars 15. pp.1425-1872.

Szépligeti, G. 1901. Tropischen Cenocoeliden und Braconiden aus der Sammlung des Ungarischen National-Museums. Természetrajzi Füzetek 24: 353-402.

Szépligeti, G. 1913. Neue afrikanische Braconiden aus der Sammlung der Ungarischen National-Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 11:592-608.  
Szépligeti, G. 1914. Afrikanische Braconiden des Königl. Zoologischen Museums in Berlin. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 7: 153-230.

Szépligeti, G.V. 1914. Central-Afrikanische Braconidae des Congo-Museums. Revue de Zoologie Africaine. 3: 403-420.

Thunberg, C.P. 1824. Ichneumonidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata. Mémoires de l'Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg. 9: 285-368.
Thunberg, C.P. 1822. Ichneumonidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata. Mémoires de l'Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg. 8: 49-281.

Yu, D.S., Achterberg, van C. & Horstman, K. 2012. Taxapad 2012, World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. www.taxapad.com

van Achterberg, C. 1982. Notes on some type-species described by Fabricius of the subfamilies Braconinae, Rogadinae, Microgastrinae and Agathidinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Entomologische Berichten. Amsterdam 42: 133-139.

van Achterberg, C. 1997. Revision of the Haliday collection of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Zoologische Verhandelingen. 314. 115 pp.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or © Roger Mayes (Gauteng) or © Jonathan Ball (Cape Town). or © Khalid Mahmood, Jeno Papp & Donald L.J. Quicke.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2019. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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