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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys

  Adeshoides van Achterberg, 1983
Admonitosoter Mamood, Papp & Quick, 2010.
  Africadesha Quicke, 1986
  Amyosoma Viereck, 1913
  Aphrastobracon Ashmead, 1896
  Archibracon Saussure, 1892
  Aspidobracon van Achterberg, 1984
  Atanycolus Förster, 1862
Bacuma Cameron, 1906
Bathyaulax Szépligeti, 1906
Bracon Fabricius, 1804
  Braconella Szépligeti, 1906
  Campyloneurus Szépligeti, 1900
  Carinibracon van Achterberg, 1983
  Cassidibracon Quicke, 1987
  Chaoilta Cameron, 1899
  Chelonogastra Ashmead, 1900
  Commatapsis van Achterberg & Sigwalt, 1987
  Compsobracon Ashmead, 1900
Cratocnema Szépligeti, 1914
Cyanopterus Haliday, 1835
  Deltaphyma van Achterberg, 1983
  Digonogastra Viereck, 1912
  Dioxybracon Granger, 1949
  Doggerella Quick, Mamood & Papp, 2011
Esenga Cameron, 1906
  Euvipio Szépligeti, 1904
  Fraterarchibracon Quicke, 1985
  Glyptomorpha Holmgren, 1868
  Hybogaster Szépligeti, 1906
Iphiaulax Förster, 1862
  Iphibracon van Achterberg & Sigwalt, 1987
  Kimavu Quicke, 1986
  Latana Cameron, 1906
  Lasiophorus Haliday, 1838
  Malagopsis van Achterberg, 1983
  Megalommum Szépligeti, 1900
  Meganura Szépligeti, 1906
Merinotus Szépligeti, 1906
  Mesobracon Szépligeti, 1902
  Mesobraconoides Sarhan & Quicke, 1990
  Monilobracon Quicke, 1984
  Monocoila Roman, 1910
  Neohelcon Szépligeti, 1913
  Nundinella Szépligeti, 1914
  Odesia Cameron, 1906
  Odontoscapus Kriechbaumer, 1894
  Paxillibracon Quicke, 1985
  Physaraia Shenefelt, 1978
  Plaxopsis Szépligeti, 1905
Presoter Mamood, Papp & Quick, 2010
  Pseudodicrogenium Fahringer, 1936
  Pseudovipio Szépligeti, 1896

Rhadinobracon Szépligeti, 1906

Rhammura Enderlein, 1905
Rhytimorpha Szépligeti, 1901
  Rugosibracon Quicke, 1988
  Schiztobracon Cameron, 1906
Serraulax Quicke, 1987
  Serrundabracon van Achterberg, 2003
  Shelfordia Cameron, 1902
  Sobrinarchibracon Quicke, 1985
  Sororarchibracon Quicke, 1985
Soter Saussure, 1892
  Stenobracon Szépligeti, 1901
  Stirostoma Cameron, 1912
  Sylvibracon Quicke, 1984
  Triaspidogastra Granger, 1949
  Trigastrotheca Cameron, 1906
  Tropobracon Cameron, 1905
  Tsavobracon Quicke, 1985
  Vaepellis Quicke, 1987
Vipio Latreille, 1804
  Vipiomorpha Tobias, 1962
Zaglyptogastra Ashmead, 1900
  Zanzopsis van Achterberg, 1983


Endoparasitoids (idiobiont) of concealed larvae of xylophagous and stem-boring Coleoptera and Lepidoptera and rarely of Diptera and Symphyta.




Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Classification of the Ichneumon flies, or the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 23(1206): 1-220.

Baltazar, C.R. 1962. The genera of parasitic Hymenoptera in the Philippines, Part 1. Pacific Insects. 4(4):737-771.  
Brues, C.T. 1926. Studies on Ethiopian Braconidae with a catalogue of the African species. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 61:206-436.  
Brues, C.T. 1924. Some South African parasitic Hymenoptera of the families Evaniidae, Braconidae, Alysiidae, and Plumariidae in the South African Museum with a catalogue of the known species. Annals of the South African Museum. 19:1-150.

Brullé, M.A. 1846. Tome Quatričme. Des Hyménoptčres. Les Ichneumonides. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A. "Histoire Naturelles des Insectes." Paris. 680 pp. pp. 56-521.
Cameron, P. 1905
. On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa (Second paper). Record of the Albany Museum. 1: 185-244

Cameron, P. 1905. On some new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Cape Colony and Transvaal. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 15: 195-257.
Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Cameron, P. 1911. On the parasitic Hymenoptera collected by Mr. A.J.T. Janse, Transvaal. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 2: 173-217.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. (A)2:1-428.

Haliday, A.H. 1835. Essay on parasitic Hymenoptera. Entomological Magazine. 3(1): 20-45.
Kaartinen, R. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2007
. A revision of the African parasitic wasp genus Bathyaulax Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History 41: 125-212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930601121221

Kaartinen, R. & Mahmood, K., Papp, J. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2011. A new Afrotropical genus Doggerella gen. nov. of braconine wasp (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with twelve new species. Zootaxa 2927: 1-37.
Mahmood, K., Papp, J. & Quicke, D. L. J. 2010. Two new Afrotropical genera and species of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with descriptions of new species. Zootaxa 2476: 14 –22.

Papp, J. 2000. Cratocnema juxtacasum sp.n. from Malgasy (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica. 61:149-156.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1985. Further reclassification of Afrotropical and Indo-Australian Braconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Oriental Insects. 18:339-353.  

Quicke, D.L.J. 1987. The Old World genera of braconine wasps. Journal of Natural History 21:43-197.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1988. Inter-generic variation in the male genitalia of the Braconinae (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 17:399-409.  

Quicke, D.L.J.1988. Higher classification, biogeography and biology of the Braconinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Pages 117-138 in Gupta, V.K., ed. Advances in parasitic Hymenoptera research. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 546 pp.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1989. Parasitic braconine wasps of the genus Archibracon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Natural History 23: 29-70.
Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. The African species of Zaglyptogastra (Hymenoptera) with a checklist of world species. Journal of Natural History 25: 755-771.

Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. Tergal and inter-tergal metasomal glands of male Braconine wasps (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 19:413-423.  
Quicke, D.L.J. 1991. The non-European Braconinae types of Szépligeti housed in Budapest (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 83:169-186.  

Quicke, D.L.J. 2007. A revision of the African parasitic wasp genus Bathyaulax Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History 41: 125-212.

Quicke, D.L.J., Wharton, R.A. & Sittertz Bhatkar, H. 1997. Antero-lateral abdominal scent glands of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 6(2): 219-230.  

Quicke DLJ, Guy TJ, van Noort S, Broad GR & Butcher BA. 2017. New species of Bacuma Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Braconinae) from Kenya and West Darfur with a partial key to species. Zootaxa 4263: 43–71. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4263.1.2

Quicke DL J, Koch F, Broad GR, Bennett AMR, van Noort S, Hebert PDN, Butcher BA. 2018. A new species of Rhytimorpha Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) from IsraelZoology in the Middle East doi:10.1080/09397140.2018.1470301. 

Shenefelt, R.D. 1978. Braconidae 10. Braconinae, Gnathobraconinae, Mesestoinae, Pseudodicrogeniinae, Telengainae, Ypsistocerinae, plus Braconidae in general, major groups, unplaced genera and species. Hymenopterorum Catalogus (nova editio). Pars 15. pp.1425-1872.

Szépligeti, G. 1901. Tropischen Cenocoeliden und Braconiden aus der Sammlung des Ungarischen National-Museums. Természetrajzi Füzetek 24: 353-402.

Szépligeti, G. 1913. Neue afrikanische Braconiden aus der Sammlung der Ungarischen National-Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 11:592-608.  
Szépligeti, G. 1914. Afrikanische Braconiden des Königl. Zoologischen Museums in Berlin. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 7: 153-230.

Szépligeti, G.V. 1914. Central-Afrikanische Braconidae des Congo-Museums. Revue de Zoologie Africaine. 3: 403-420.

Thunberg, C.P. 1824. Ichneumonidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata. Mémoires de l'Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg. 9: 285-368.
Thunberg, C.P. 1822. Ichneumonidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata. Mémoires de l'Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg. 8: 49-281.

Yu, D.S., Achterberg, van C. & Horstman, K. 2012. Taxapad 2012, World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. www.taxapad.com

van Achterberg, C. 1982. Notes on some type-species described by Fabricius of the subfamilies Braconinae, Rogadinae, Microgastrinae and Agathidinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Entomologische Berichten. Amsterdam 42: 133-139.

van Achterberg, C. 1997. Revision of the Haliday collection of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Zoologische Verhandelingen. 314. 115 pp.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or © Roger Mayes (Gauteng) or © Jonathan Ball (Cape Town). or © Khalid Mahmood, Jeno Papp & Donald L.J. Quicke.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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