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Charmontinae

of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

Classification

Charmon Haliday, 1833

Biology

Endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of concealed caterpillars belonging to 16 Lepidoptera families (Yu et al., 2012).

Distribution

Worldwide.

References

Belokobylskij, S.A. 1998. 18. Charmontinae. In Ler, P.A. (Ed.), Key to the Insects of Russian Far East. Vol. 4. Neuropteroidea, Mecoptera, Hymenoptera. Pt 3. Dal’nauka., Vladivostok, Russia, pp. 498–500. Belokobylskij, S.A., Nel, A., Waller, A. & De Plöeg, G. 2010. New fossil non-cyclostome braconid wasps from the lowermost Eocene amber of Paris Basin. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55, 519–527. http://dx.doi.org/10.4202/app.2009.1114

Chen, X.X. & He, J.H. 1996. The genus Charmon Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Charmontinae) from China. Entomotaxonomia, 18, 59–64.

Chou, L.Y. & Hsu, T.C. 1995. The Braconidae (Hymenoptera) of Taiwan. VI. Charmontinae, Homolobinae and Xiphozelinae. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 44, 357–378.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Académie Malgache, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 428 pp.

Haliday, A.H. 1833. An essay on the classification of the parasitic Hymenoptera of Britain, which correspond with the Ichneumones minuti of Linnaeus. Entomological magazine, 1, 259—276, 333—350. Source: Entomological Magazine. 1(iii):259-276, 333-350.

He, J.H., Chen, X.X. & Ma, Y. 2000. Hymenoptera Braconidae. Science Presse, Beijing, China, 757 pp.

Papp, J. 1983. Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Mongolia. IX. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 29, 441–449.

Quicke, D.L.J. & van Achterberg, C. 1990. Phylogeny of the subfamilies of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 258, 1–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1992.tb00068.x

Rousse, P. 2013. Charmon ramagei sp. nov., a new Charmontinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Reunion, with a synopsis of world species. Zootaxa 3626 (4): 583–588. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3626.4.12

van Achterberg, C. 1979. A revision of the subfamily Zelinae auct. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 122, 241–479.

Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J., Eds. 1997. Manual of the new world genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). The International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington DC, USA, 395 pp.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg K., Horstmann K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Pascal Rousse (Iziko South African Museum)

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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