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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys


Adelius Haliday, 1833

Ascogaster Wesmael, 1835

Chelonus Panzer, 1806
Odontosphaeropyx Cameron, 1910
  Paradelius de Saeger,1942


Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838

Phanerotomella Szepligeti, 1900


Solitary endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of Lepidoptera larvae.




Braet, Y. 2001. Cladistic revision of the genus Trotricus Brullé, 1846 (Hymenoptera Braconidae) including descriptions of eleven new taxa and new records for other African braconids. Belgian Journal of Entomology 3:143-180.

Braet, Y., Rousse, P. & Sharkey, M. 2012. New data on African Cheloninae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) show a strong biogeographic signal for taxa with spined propodea. Zootaxa 3385: 1–32.

Braet, Y., van Noort, S. & Kittel, R.N. 2014. New species of the ‘rare’ genera Dentigaster Zettel, 1990 and Odontosphaeropyx Cameron, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae: Cheloninae). Austral Entomology 54: 197-209. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aen.12112

Brues, C.T. 1924. Some South African parasitic Hymenoptera of the families Evaniidae, Braconidae, Alysiidae, and Plumariidae in the South African Museum with a catalogue of the known species. Annals of the South African Museum. 19:1-150.

Brues, C.T. 1926. Studies on Ethiopian Braconidae with a catalogue of the African species. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 61:206-436.

De Saeger, H. 1948. Cardiochilinae et Sigalphinae (Hymenoptea: Apocrita) Fam. Braconidae. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G.F. de Witte. 53:1-272.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l’Institut scientifique de Madagascar (A), 2, 1–428.

Shenefelt, R.D. 1973. Braconidae 6. Cheloninae. Hymenopterorum Catalogus (nova editio). Pars 10. pp.813-936.

Vance, A.M. 1932. The biology and morphology of the braconid Chelonus annulipes Wesm., a parasite of the European corn borer. Technical Bulletin. United States Department of Agriculture No. 294. 48pp.

van Achterberg C., Thackery, S., & Hill, M. 2017. A new species of Phanerotoma Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Cheloninae) parasitoid of the carob moth in South Africa. Zootaxa, 4227: 127–134. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4227.1.8

Wesmael, C. 1835. Monographie des Braconides de Belgique. Nouveaux Memoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles-lettres Bruxelles 9: 1–252.
Wesmael, C. 1838
. Monographie des Braconides de Belgique. 4. Nouveaux Memoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles-lettres de Bruxelles 11: 1-166.

Zettel, H. 1990. Eine Revision der Gattungen der Cheloninae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) mit Beschreibungen neuer Gattungen und Arten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. 91B:147-196.

Zettel, H. 2002. Pachychelonus maximus sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Cheloninae) aus Kenia. Linzer Biologische Beiträge. 34(1): 195-198.


Photographs © Simon van Noort or Nadene Smith (Iziko Museums) or © Yves Braet.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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