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Key to species of Afrotropical Cryptopimpla

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Banchinae; Genus: Cryptopimpla)

ClassificationIdentification keys

1. Clypeal profile distinctly convex and bulbous (A). Pleural carinae of propodeum present, but may be weak; posterior transverse carina present and well-defined (B) ......Cryptopimpla kogelbergensis


- Clypeal profile weakly convex with a curved lip on ventral margin (a). Pleural carinae absent and posterior transverse carina of propodeum, if present, weak or reduced to a wrinkle (b) …2 (rubrithorax species-group)

2. Metasomal tergite I punctate over most of surface (A). Median lobe of the mesocutum not raised above lateral lobes (B) …3


- Metasomal tergite I punctate posteriorly, strigate over anterior three-quarters (a). Median lobe of the mesosocutum distinctly raised (b) …Cryptopimpla orenji Reynolds & van Noort, 2023

3. Mesosoma with axillar and metanotal struts subparallel, not strongly converging towards medial area (A). Propodeal anterior margin without defined medial tooth, but may have a blunt medial projection (B) ...4


- Mesosoma with axillar and metanotal struts converging towards medial area (a). Propodeal anterior margin with medial tooth (b) ...Cryptopimpla fernkloofensis

4.Wings with pale microtrichia (A). Mesoscutum evenly punctate (B) ...5


- Wings with pale microtrichia, venation darker (a). Mesoscutum with fewer punctures inward of wing bases, resulting in polished areas (b) ...Cryptopimpla parslactis

5. Inter-ocular distance broad, equivalent to eye height in anterior view (A). Thyridia small and indistinct (B) …6


- Inter-ocular distance narrow, shorter than eye height in anterior view (a). Thyridia moderately large and distinct, elongate to circular (b) …8

6. Male tergite IV dorso-laterally compressed (A). Posterior margin of tergite I medially projected as a blunt angle (B) ...Cryptopimpla neili


- Male tergite IV dorso-ventrally depressed (a). Posterior margin of tergite I weakly convex to straight (b) …7

7. Mesosoma uniformly brownish orange (A). Head and mesosoma matt, moderately covered in short setae (A). Mesopleural pit shallow with surrounding area punctate (B) ...Cryptopimpla hantami

- Mesosoma tricoloured with a distinct white pronotal collar; pronotum, propleuron, posterior mesoscutal border, ventral parts of mesopleuron and lateral areas of scutellum and metanotum black, with remaining mesosoma dark reddish brown (a). Head and mesosoma subpolished, sparsely covered in short setae (a). Mesopleural pit distinct with surrounding polished area (b) …Cryptopimpla hoerikwagga Reynolds & van Noort, 2023

8. Eye in anterior view narrow to moderately-sized: eye maximum width in anterior view 0.4–0.66 × shortest inter-ocular distance (A). Female metasomal tergites IV–VIII slightly compressed; metasoma black (B), legs brown to black...9


- Eye in anterior view larger, bulbous: eye maximum width in anterior view 0.73 × shortest inter-ocular distance (a). Female metasoma elongated, depressed; Metasoma and legs mostly rufescent (b) ...Cryptopimpla elongatus

9. Metasomal tergite II 1.1–1.25× wider than long (A). Mesosoma predominantly rufous with some small black markings, with or without white pronotal collar (B) ...10

- Metasomal tergite II 1.09–1.25× longer than wide (a). Mesosoma black with white pronotal collar (b) ...Cryptopimpla onyxi

10. Malar space 0.6 times as long as basal mandibular width (A). Second tergite posteriorly 1.25 times broader than long (B) ...Cryptopimpla zwarti

- Malar space 0.91.3 times as long as basal mandibular width (a). Second tergite posteriorly no more than 1.1 times broader than long (b) ...Cryptopimpla rubrithorax


Reynolds Berry T & van Noort S 2016. Review of Afrotropical Cryptopimpla Taschenberg (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Banchinae), with description of nine new species. ZooKeys 640: 103137. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.640.10334

Reynolds T, van Noort S. 2023. Two new species of the genus Cryptopimpla Taschenberg (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Banchinae) with an updated key to African species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 96: 667-696. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.96.104038


Photographs by Terry Reynolds Berry (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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