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Afrotropical Megalyroidea

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Megalyridae

Distribution

Afrotopical, Australasian, Oriental & Neotropical regions.

Biology

Parasitoids of Coleoptera larvae living under tree bark or rarely Pemphredonidae larvae.

References

Aguiar AP, Deans AR, Engel MS, Forshage M, Huber JT, Jennings JT, Johnson NF, Lelej AS, Longino JT, Lohrmann V, Miko I. 2013. Order Hymenoptera. In: Zhang, Z.-Q.(Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa 3703: 51-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.12

Branstetter MG, Childers AK, Cox-Foster D, Hopper KR, Kapheim KM, Toth AL, Worley KC. 2018. Genomes of the Hymenoptera. Current Opinion in Insect Science 25: 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cois.2017.11.008

Hedqvist, K.J. 1959. Hymenoptera (Ichneumonoidea) Megalyridae. South African Animal Life 6, 485-490

Hedqvist, K.J. 1967. Notes on Megalyridae (Hym. Ichneumonoidea) and description of new species from Madagascar. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 3: 239-246.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Mita T & Shaw SR. 2020. A taxonomic study of Dinapsis Waterson, 1922 from Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae, Dinapsini): crested wasps of the hirtipes species-group. Zootaxa 4858: 71–84. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4858.1.4

Johnson BR, Borowiec ML, Chiu JC, Lee EK, Atallah J, Ward PS. 2013. Phylogenomics resolves evolutionary relationships among ants, bees, and wasps. Current Biology 23: 2058–2062. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050

Peters RS, Krogmann L, Mayer C, Donath A, Gunkel S, Meusemann K, Kozlov A, Podsiadlowski L, Petersen M, Lanfear R, Diez PA. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27:1013-1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.01.027

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Shaw, S. R. 1990a. A taxonomic revision of the long-tailed wasps of the genus Megalyra Westwood (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 3:1000-1052.

Shaw, S. R. 1990b. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parasitoid wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Journal of Biogeography 17:569-581.

Shaw, S.R. & van Noort, S. 2009. A new Dinapsis species from the Central African Republic (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Dinapsini). Zootaxa 2118: 30–36.

van Noort, S. & Shaw, S.R. 2009. Megalyridia capensis (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Megalyridiini) a relict species endemic to South Africa. African Natural History 5: 1-8.

Vilhelmsen, L. Perrichot, V. & Shaw, S.R. 2010. Past and present diversity and distribution in the parasitic wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00537.x

Waterston, J. 1922. A new family of Hymenoptera from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 418-420.

Westwood J.O. 1832. In: Griffith E. Supplement on the Hymenoptera, pp 389-576. In: Cuvier G. Animal Kingdom, Class Insecta. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 796 pp.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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