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Heloridae

Helorid wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Proctotrupoidea)

Classification

Helorus Latreille, 1802

Distribution

Worldwide.

Diversity

One extant genus containing 12 species; five extinct genera including seven species in total (Yu et al 2011).

Biology

Solitary endoparasitoids of chrysopid larvae (Neuroptera) emerging from host cocoon (Masner, 1993).

References

Buffington ML & Copeland RS. 2016. Redescription of Helorus ruficornis Förster (Hymenoptera: Heloridae), with a new synonymy and new Afrotropical specimen records.
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 118: 330-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.4289/0013-8797.118.3.330

Choi, G.W., KIM, C.J., & LEE, J.W. 2012. First record of the family Heloridae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea) from Korea. Entomological Research 42: 122-126.

Johnson, N.F. 1992. Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1-825.

Masner, L. 1993. Superfamily Proctotrupoidea (pp. 537-557). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Notton D. G. 2007. A catalogue of types of the smaller taxa of Proctotrupoidea (Hymenoptera) in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, with notes on the history of the insect
collection of L. A. G. Bosc d’Antic. Zoosystema 29: 457-470.

Risbec J. 1950. Contribution à l’étude des Proctotrupidae (Serphidae) : Proctotrupidés de la section technique d’Agriculture tropicale (A. O. F.) et Proctotrupidés du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Afrique et Colonies françaises), in Sagot R. & Risbec J. (eds), Travaux du laboratoire d’entomologie du secteur soudanais de recherches agronomiques. Gouvernement général de l’Afrique occidentale française: 509-639.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Heloridae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15: 1-12.

van Achterberg C. 2006. European species of the genus Helorus
Latreille (Hymenoptera: Heloridae), with description of a new species from Sulawesi (Indonesia). Zoologische mededelingen 80: 1–12.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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