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Stephanidae

Stephanid wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Stephanoidea)

Classification

  Afromegischus van Achterberg, 2002
  Comnatopus van Achterberg, 2002

Foenatopus Smith, 1860

 

Madegafoenus Benoit, 1951

  Megischus Brullé, 1846
 

Profoenatopus van Achterberg, 2002

  Stephanus Jurine, 1807
Distribution Worldwide, highest species richness in the tropics.
Biology Parasitoids of wood-boring beetle larva (Coleoptera), mostly in the families Cerambycidae and Buprestidae, but also other families such as Curculionidae. Occasionally they are parasitoids of Hymenoptera (Siricidae).

References

Aguiar, A.P. 2004. World catalog of the Stephanidae (Hymenoptera: Stephanoidea). Zootaxa 753: 1–120.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1949. Les Stephanoidae (Hym.) du Congo belge. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 42(3–4): 285–294.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1951. Les Stephanides Malgaches (Hymen.-Terebr.). Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. A5(2):269-284.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1984. Stephanidae de l'Afrique occidentale et centrale (Hymenoptera). Revue de Zoologie Africaine. 98:215-228.

Cameron, P., 1912. On the Hymenoptera from Belgian Congo in the Congo Museum, Tervueren. Annales de la Societé Entomologique Belge 56: 357-401.

Ceballos, G. 1926. Estefanidos del Museo de Madrid (Hym. Stephanidae). Eos. 2(2):135-148.
Elliott, E.A. 1922. Monograph of the hymenopterous family Stephanidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 3:705-831.

Enderlein, G. 1901. Neue Evaniiden, Stephaniden, Mutilliden (Apterogyna), Proctotrupiden und Chalcididen, mit einer Bestimmungstabelle der africanischen Stephaniden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 1(3):187-220.

Engel, M.S. 2005. The crown wasp genus Electrostephanus (Hymenoptera: Stephanidae): Discovery of the female and a new species. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne. 74(3):317-332.
Engel, M.S. & Grimaldi, D.A. 2004. The first Mesozoic stephanid wasp (Hymenoptera: Stephanidae). Journal of Paleontology. 78(6):1192-1197.
Engel, M.S. & Ortega-Blanco, J. 2008. The fossil crown wasp Electrostephanus petiolatus Brues in Baltic Amber (Hymenoptera, Stephanidae): designation of a neotype, revised classification, and a key to amber Stephanidae. ZooKeys. 4:55-64.
Entomologist. 50:105-113.
Jurine, L. 1807. Nouvelle méthode de classer les Hyménoptères et les Diptères. 1. Hyménoptères. Geneva. J.J. Paschoud ed. 319 pp. (Ichneumonoidea in 1-51, 94-118, Index Alphabetcus, Tableau Comparatif, Pl. 1,2,3,8).

Kieffer, J.J. 1904. Description de Stéphanides et d'Evaniides nouveaux. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle Metz (2e serie). 23(11):1-30.
Kieffer, J.J. 1904.
Stephanides. In: André E. (ed.) "Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe & d'Algérie. Tome 7." 748 pp. (Stephanidae pp. 471-490)

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Morley, C., 1917. Some Stephanidae: with descriptions of new species. – Entomologist 50: 105-113.

Morley, C. 1917. Some Stephanidae: with descriptions of new species. Entomologist. 50: 33-36.
Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Schletterer, A. 1889. Monographie der Hymenopteren-Gattung Stephanus Jur. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 33: 71–160. doi:10.1002/mmnd.18890330105

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

van Achterberg, C. 2002. A revision of the Old World species of Megischus Brulle, Stephanus Jurine and Pseudomegischus gen. nov., with a key to the genera of the family Stephanidae (Hymenoptera: Stephanoidea). Zoologische verhandelingen 339: 3-206.

van Achterberg, C. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2006. Taxonomic notes on Old World Stephanidae (Hymenoptera): description of Parastephanellus matsumotoi sp. n. from Japan, redescription of Commatopus xanthocephalus (Cameron) and keys to the genera Profoenatopus van Achterberg and Megischus Brullé. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 215–225, Figs. 1–16.

Westwood, J.O. 1874. Thesaurus entomologicus oxoniensis. Oxford. 205 pp. p. 128.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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