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Trigonalinae

Trigonaline wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Trigonaloidea)

Classification

Afrigonalys Carmean & Kimsey, 1998

Taeniogonalos Schulz, 1906

 

Trigonalys Westwood, 1835

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Hyperparasitoids of Lepidoptera and Symphyta caterpillars.

References

Benoit, P.L.G. 1951. La systematique des Trigonalidae (Hym.) ethiopiens. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 44: 141-147.

Carmean, D. & Kimsey, L. 1998. Phylogenetic revision of the parasitoid wasp family Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera).  Systematic Entomology 23: 35-76.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Smith, D.R. & Tripotin, P. 2012. Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera) of Madagascar. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 24: 125. doi: 10.3897/JHR.24.1811

Weinsten, P. & Austin, A.D. 1991. The host relationships of trigonalyid wasps (Hymenoptera: Trigonalyidae), with a review of their biology and catalogue to world species. Journal of Natural History 25: 399-433.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or

Robert Copeland (ICIPE, Nairobi).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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