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Scoliidae

Mammoth wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea)

Classification

  Proscoliinae (not represented in the Afrotropical region)

Scoliinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

External parasitoids of beetle larvae (mostly Scarabaeidae) that live in soil or decaying vegetable matter.

Diversity

About 560 described species in 143 genera (Aguiar et al 2013; Branstetter et al 2018).

References

Aguiar AP, Deans AR, Engel MS, Forshage M, Huber JT, Jennings JT, Johnson NF, Lelej AS, Longino JT, Lohrmann V, Miko I. 2013. Order Hymenoptera. In: Zhang, Z.-Q.(Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa 3703: 51-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.12

Argaman Q. 1996. Generic synopsis of Scoliidae (Hymenoptera, Scolioidea). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 88: 171-222.

Betrem, J.G. & Bradley, J.C. 1964. Annotations on the Genera Triscolia, Megascolia and Scolia (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae). Zoologische Mededelingen 39: 433-444.

Betrem, J.G. & Bradley, J.C. 1964. Annotations on the Genera Triscolia, Megascolia and Scolia (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae) (second part). Zoologische Mededelingen 40: 89-96.

Betrem, J.G. & Bradley, J.C. 1972. The African Campsomerinae (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae). Monografieën van de Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging 6: 1-326.

Bradley, J.C. 1959. The Scoliidae of Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 23: 331-362.

Brothers, D.J. & Finnamore A.T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea (pp. 161-278). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Day, M.C., Else, G.R. & Morgan, D. 1981. The most primitive scoliidae (Hymenoptera). Journal of Natural History 15: 671–684.

Dollfuss, H. 1990. Aculeate Hymenoptera collected 1985 in the Republic of Central Africa (Sphecidae, Eumenidae, Vespidae, Pompilidae, Chrysididae and Scoliidae). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen 42(3/4): 121–124.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Guérin-Méneville, F.É., 1838. Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés, Arachnides et Insectes, recueillis dans le voyage autour du Monde de la Corvette de S.M. la Coquille, exécuté pendant les anées 1822–1825 sous le commandement du capitaine Duperry. In Voyage Autour du Monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de S.M. la Coquille, pendant les anées 1822–1825. Zoologie, L.I. Duperrey, pp. 57–302. Paris: Arthus Bertrand. Vol. 2. 319 pp.

Madl, M. 2018. A preliminary catalogue of the Hymenoptera (Insecta) of the Republic of Djibouti, Linzer biologische Beiträge 50: 907-967.

Osten, T. 2005. Checkliste der Dolchwespen der Welt (Insecta: Hymenoptera, Scoliidae). Teil 1: Proscoliinae und Scoliinae: Campsomerini. Teil 2: Scoliinae: Scoliini. Teil 3: Literatur. Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Augsburg 62 (220–221): 1–62.

Credits

Photographs © Hamish Robertson or Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Vida van der Walt (Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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