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Echthrodelphax tauricus Ponomarenko

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae; Subfamily: Gonatopodinae; Genus: Echthrodelphax)

Echthrodelphax tauricus Ponomarenko, 1970. Holotype: female in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris (MNHN). Type locality: Bekily, Madagascar.

Echthrodelphax hortusensis (Abdul-Nour, 1976). Holotype: Muséum National d'History Naturelle, Paris. Type locality: Salisbury, Zimbabwe (synonymy by Olmi in Olmi & van Harten 2000).

Echthrodelphax afer Olmi, 1984. Holotype: female in The Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK). Type locality: Salisbury, Zimbabwe.






Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde Islands, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast Prov., Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Oman, Somalia, South Africa, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also Palaearctic region.


Hosts: Delphacidae Delphacinae: Delphacidae Delphacinae (Guglielmino et al. 2013): in the Palaearctic region: in France: Ribautodelphax imitans (Ribaut); in Germany: Ribautodelphax albostriata (Fieber); in Italy: Falcotoya minuscula (Horváth), Ribautodelphax imitans (Ribaut), Laodelphax striatella (Fallén), Megadelphax sordidula (Stål). In the Afrotropical region: in the Cape Verde Islands: Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead); in Mozambique: Nycheuma endymion (Fennah), Metadelphax propinqua (Fieber).

Natural enemies: Hymenoptera Encyrtidae: in Mozambique: Cheiloneurus gonatopodis R. Perkins. This Encyrtid is one of the most common natural enemies of Dryinids in Mozambique.


Azevedo C.O., Madl, M. & Olmi, M. 2010. A Catalogue of the Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae, Sclerogibbidae and Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of the Malagasy Subregion. Linzer Biologische Beitrage 42(2): 845-918.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1954. Monographie des Dryinidae malgaches (Hym.-Acul.). Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifiques de Madagascar, Série E 4: 383-430.

Guglielmino A, Olmi M, Bückle C. 2013. An updated host-parasite catalogue of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa 3740: 1–113. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3740.1.1

Olmi, M. &  van Harten, A. 2006. Dryinidae, Sclerogibbidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Yemen, with revised keys to the species of the Arabian peninsula. Fauna of Arabia 21: 307–337.

Olmi, M. & Copeland, R.S. & Guglielmino, A. 2015. An updated checklist of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of thirteen new species. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 55(1): 333-380.

Olmi, M., van Noort, S. & Guglielmino, A. 2016. Contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) with description of new species from Central African Republic and Uganda. ZooKeys 578: 45-95.

Ponomarenko, N.G. 1970. [New species of dryinids (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) in the European areas of the USSR]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 49: 423–433. [in Russian]


Illustrations © Luca Palermo, or © Nicolò Falchi.

Line illustrations © Massimo Olmi (Viterbo).

Map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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