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Echthrodelphax tauricus Ponomarenko

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae; Subfamily: Gonatopodinae; Genus: Echthrodelphax)

Echthrodelphax tauricus Ponomarenko, 1970. Holotype: female in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris (MNHN). Type locality: Bekily, Madagascar.

Echthrodelphax hortusensis (Abdul-Nour, 1976). Holotype: Muséum National d'History Naturelle, Paris. Type locality: Salisbury, Zimbabwe (synonymy by Olmi in Olmi & van Harten 2000).

Echthrodelphax afer Olmi, 1984. Holotype: female in The Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK). Type locality: Salisbury, Zimbabwe.


Female

 


Male

 

Distribution

Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde Islands, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast Prov., Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Oman, Somalia, South Africa, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also Palaearctic region.

Biology

Hosts: Delphacidae Delphacinae: Delphacidae Delphacinae (Guglielmino et al. 2013): in the Palaearctic region: in France: Ribautodelphax imitans (Ribaut); in Germany: Ribautodelphax albostriata (Fieber); in Italy: Falcotoya minuscula (Horváth), Ribautodelphax imitans (Ribaut), Laodelphax striatella (Fallén), Megadelphax sordidula (Stål). In the Afrotropical region: in the Cape Verde Islands: Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead); in Mozambique: Nycheuma endymion (Fennah), Metadelphax propinqua (Fieber).

Natural enemies: Hymenoptera Encyrtidae: in Mozambique: Cheiloneurus gonatopodis R. Perkins. This Encyrtid is one of the most common natural enemies of Dryinids in Mozambique.

References

Azevedo C.O., Madl, M. & Olmi, M. 2010. A Catalogue of the Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae, Sclerogibbidae and Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of the Malagasy Subregion. Linzer Biologische Beitrage 42(2): 845-918.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1954. Monographie des Dryinidae malgaches (Hym.-Acul.). Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifiques de Madagascar, Série E 4: 383-430.

Guglielmino A, Olmi M, Bückle C. 2013. An updated host-parasite catalogue of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa 3740: 1–113. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3740.1.1

Olmi, M. &  van Harten, A. 2006. Dryinidae, Sclerogibbidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Yemen, with revised keys to the species of the Arabian peninsula. Fauna of Arabia 21: 307–337.

Olmi, M. & Copeland, R.S. & Guglielmino, A. 2015. An updated checklist of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of thirteen new species. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 55(1): 333-380.

Olmi, M., van Noort, S. & Guglielmino, A. 2016. Contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) with description of new species from Central African Republic and Uganda. ZooKeys 578: 45-95.

Ponomarenko, N.G. 1970. [New species of dryinids (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) in the European areas of the USSR]. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 49: 423–433. [in Russian]

Credits

Illustrations © Luca Palermo, or © Nicolò Falchi.

Line illustrations © Massimo Olmi (Viterbo).

Map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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