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Key to Bocchus species

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae; Subfamily: Bocchinae; Genus: Bocchus)

ClassificationIdentification keys


Females

1. Micropterous; forewing at most twice as long as tegula ...2

- Fully winged  ...3

2. Forewing approximately as long as tegula; head and mesosoma completely reddish-dark ...Bocchus richardsi Olmi

- Forewing approximately twice as long as tegula; head black, except clypeus ferruginous and mandible testaceous; mesosoma black ...Bocchus kogelbergensis Olmi

3. Mesoscutum not reticulate rugose or not completely reticulate rugose (then remaining surface granulate or unsculptured) ...4

- Mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose, occasionally also granulate or with irregular keels ...6

4. Enlarged claw with one preapical tooth , never with row of teeth ...Bocchus krombeini Olmi

- Enlarged claw with long row of teeth ...5

5. Head black, completely reticulate rugose, with OPL about as long as OOL; forewing with dark transverse bands ...Bocchus niger Olmi

- Head yellow-testaceous, completely granulate, not rugose, with OPL about twice as long as OOL; forewing without dark transverse bands or spots ...Bocchus nigroflavus Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

6. Protarsomere 1 approximately as long as 4; antenna short, distally thickened, with antennomeres 59 approximately as long as broad ...Bocchus seyrigi (Benoit)

- Protarsomere 1 longer than 4 ...7

7. Antenna short, thickened distally, with antennomeres 59 approximately as long as broad ...8

- Antenna long and slender, with antennomeres 59 much longer than broad ...10

8. Protarsomere 5 without preapical lamella; forewing with one slight dark transverse band ...Bocchus botswanensis Olmi

- Protarsomere 5 with one preapical lamella (101C, 110E); forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands ...9

9. Head and mesosoma testaceous-reddish, occasionally partly darkened; notauli usually distinct and complete, occasionally not visible among areolae of mesoscutum ...Bocchus brooksi Olmi

- Head and mesosoma black, except mandible and part of lateral regions of pronotum testaceous; notauli absent ...Bocchus piceus Olmi

10. Mesoscutellum very slightly granulate, not rugose; body almost totally yellow-whitish; forewing hyaline, without dark spots or dark transverse bands ...Bocchus hyalinus Olmi

- Mesoscutellum partly or totally reticulate rugose; body usually mainly or totally ferruginous or reddish, or testaceous, occasionally partly black; rarely mostly black; forewing usually with one dark spot or dark transverse bands, rarely without dark spots or dark transverse bands ...11

11. Protarsomere 5 without inner band; forewing with two dark transverse bands ...Bocchus bini Olmi

- Protarsomere 5 with inner band; forewing with one dark spot around 2r-rs&Rs vein or with two dark transverse bands, rarely without dark spots or dark transverse bands ...12

12. Protarsomere 5 without preapical lamella; forewing with two dark transverse bands ...Bocchus rassitus Olmi & van Harten

- Protarsomere 5 with preapical lamella; forewing with one dark spot around 2r-rs&Rs vein or with two dark transverse bands, rarely without dark spots or dark transverse bands ...13

13. Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands or dark spots ...14

- Forewing with two dark transverse bands or one dark spot around 2r-rs&Rs vein ...15

14. Body almost totally yellow-whitish  ...Bocchus hyalinus Olmi

- Body almost totally ferruginous or testaceous-reddish ...Bocchus brooksi Olmi

15. Forewing with two dark transverse bands; protarsomere 5 with two bristles  ...Bocchus watshami Olmi

- Forewing with one dark spot around 2r-rs&Rs vein; protarsomere 5 with two  or six-eight bristles ...16

16. Protarsomere 5 with inner side provided with six-eight bristles  ...Bocchus martellii Olmi

- Protarsomere 5 with inner side provided with two bristles  ...17

17. Mesoscutellum sculptured by numerous longitudinal keels and partly granulate ...Bocchus kirkspriggsi Olmi

- Mesoscutellum completely reticulate rugose ...Bocchus watshami Olmi


Males

1. Notauli absent ...2

- Notauli distinctly visible, complete or incomplete ...6

2. Mesoscutum granulate and sculptured by numerous irregular keels; mesoscutellum shiny, reticulate rugose, with anterior half unsculptured; occasionally mesoscutellum almost completely unsculptured ...Bocchus confusus Olmi & van Harten

- Mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose and granulate; mesoscutellum dull, completely reticulate rugose ...3

3. Antenna very slender, with antennomere 6 twice, or more than twice as long as broad ...Bocchus whiteleyi Olmi

- Antenna less slender, with antennomere 6 less than twice as long as broad ...4

4. Head with OPL shorter than POL ...Bocchus mkomazianus Olmi

- Head with OPL longer than POL ...5

5. Head with OPL slightly longer than POL; propodeal declivity with median area crossed by numerous transverse keels ...Bocchus kibalensis Olmi, van Noort & Guglielmino

- Head with OPL more than twice as long POL; propodeal declivity usually with median area partly unsculptured ...Bocchus seyrigi (Benoit)

6. Notauli incomplete ...7

- Notauli complete ...14

7. Notauli reaching approximately 0.200.35 length of mesoscutum; mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose ...Bocchus botswanensis Olmi

- Notauli reaching at least 0.4 length of mesoscutum; mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose, or granulate, or granulate and sculptured by more or less numerous irregular keels or areolae ...8

8. Propodeal declivity with median area at least partly shiny, unsculptured ...9

- Propodeal declivity with median area dull, as reticulate rugose as lateral areas or sculptured by transverse keels ...10

9. Apex of basivolsella with one subdistal inner pointed apophysis ...Bocchus ruvidus Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

- Apex of basivolsella without subdistal inner pointed apophysis  ...Bocchus hyalinus Olmi

10. Mesoscutum strongly reticulate rugose ...11

- Mesoscutum completely granulate, or granulate and sculptured by slight or strong irregular keels or areolae ...12

11. Antennomere 6 more than twice as long as broad ...Bocchus johanssoni Olmi, Copeland & Guglielmino

- Antennomere 6 less than twice as long as broad ...Bocchus harinhalai Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

12. Antenna very slender, with antennomere 8 at least 3 as long as broad ...Bocchus fynbosensis Olmi

- Antenna less slender, with antennomere 8 less than 3 as long as broad ...13

13. Head with OPL shorter than POL ...Bocchus incompletus Olmi

- Head with OPL much longer than POL ...Bocchus forestalis Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

14. Propodeal declivity without longitudinal keels ...15

- Propodeal declivity with two complete longitudinal keels (occasionally hardly visible; rarely incomplete) ...17

15. Mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose ...Bocchus obscurus Olmi

- Mesoscutum completely granulate, or with median area reticulate rugose and lateral areas granulate ...16

16. Distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein much shorter than proximal part; mesoscutum completely reticulate rugose and granulate, or with median region reticulate rugose and lateral areas granulate; mesoscutellum granulate ...Bocchus madagascolus Olmi

- Distal part of 2r-rs&Rs vein about as long as proximal part; mesoscutum completely granulate; mesoscutellum finely punctate, unsculptured among punctures ...Bocchus granulatus Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

17. Genitalia with volsella slightly shorter than paramere  ...18

- Genitalia with volsella much shorter than paramere  ...21

18. Head and mesoscutum granulate, not reticulate rugose ...Bocchus hova Olmi

- Head and mesoscutum reticulate rugose ...19

19. Apex of basivolsella with one subdistal inner pointed apophysis  ...Bocchus parkeri Olmi, Copeland & van Noort

- Apex of basivolsella without subdistal inner pointed apophysis  ...20

20. Apex of basivolsella slender; apex of paramere flat; propodeal declivity with median area dull, rugose ...Bocchus watshami Olmi

- Apex of basivolsella broadened; apex of paramere pointed; propodeal declivity with median area rugose and usually with shiny, unsculptured central area ...Bocchus irwini Guglielmino & Olmi

21. Mesoscutum completely and strongly reticulate rugose ...Bocchus bini Olmi

- Mesoscutum granulate and with numerous irregular keels ...22

22. Propodeal declivity completely dull and reticulate rugose ...Bocchus zimbabwensis Olmi

- Propodeal declivity partly reticulate rugose; median area reticulate rugose and with a large shiny and smooth area ...Bocchus turneri Olmi


References

Olmi, M., Copeland, R.S. & van Noort, S. 2019. Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa 4630: 1619. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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