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Key to Dryinidae subfamilies

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Females


1. Protarsus not chelate (A, B) ...Aphelopinae
 

- Protarsus chelate (a, b) ...2
 


2. Ocelli absent (A, B) ...Apodryininae
 

- Ocelli present (a, b) ...3
 


3. Chela without rudimentary claw (A, B) ...Anteoninae
 

- Chela with one rudimentary claw (a, b) ...4
 


4. Meso-tibia without spurs (formula 1/0/1 or 1/0/2) (A, B) ...Gonatopodinae
 

- Meso-tibia with one spur (formula 1/1/1 or 1/1/2) (a, b) ...5
 


5. Always fully winged; forewing with C and R cells clearly enclosed by pigmented veins (A, B) ...Conganteoninae
 

- Fully winged, or rarely micropterous or apterous; forewing of fully winged forms with C, R and 1Cu cells clearly enclosed by pigmented veins (a, b) ...6
 


6. Lateral regions of prothorax continuous with mesopleuron; epicnemium concealed (A, B) ... Bocchinae
 

- Lateral regions of prothorax not continuous with mesopleuron; epicnemium exposed (a, b) ...7
 


7. Antenna with tufts of long setae on segments 510 (A, B) ...Thaumatodryininae
 

Antenna without tufts of long setae (a, b) ...Dryininae
 


Males
 


1. Fully winged; forewing with only costal cell enclosed by pigmented veins (A); or without costal cell, may be semi-defined by un-pigmented vein (B), or occipital carina complete ...2
 

- Fully winged, micropterous, brachypterous or apterous; forewing of fully winged forms with costal and 12 further basal cells clearly enclosed by pigmented veins (a, b); occasionally forewing with only costal cell clearly enclosed by pigmented veins, then occipital carina absent (in some males of Gonatopodinae) ...3
 


2. Forewing with costal cell and large pterostigma (A); veins delimiting costal cell present; other veins absent, their course not being marked by dark stripes (A); basivolsella situated completely below distivolsella apex (B, C) ...Aphelopinae
 

- Forewing without costal cell and pterostigma or with very reduced pterostigma (a); costal vein present, other veins absent, the course of M and Cu veins being marked by dark stripes (a); basivolsella with lateral distal process parallel to distivolsella and reaching at least the same level as apex of distivolsella (b, c) ...Apoaphelopinae
 


3. Always fully winged; forewing with C and R cells clearly enclosed by pigmented veins (A, B); occipital carina complete ...Conganteoninae
 

- Fully winged, or rarely micropterous, brachypterous, or apterous; forewing of fully winged forms with C, R and 1Cu cells clearly enclosed by pigmented veins (a); occasionally only costal cell clearly enclosed by pigmented veins, then occipital carina absent (in some males of Gonatopodinae) (b) ...4
 


4. Mesosternum distinct, not fused with mesopleuron (A) ...Apodryininae
 

- Mesosternum fused with mesopleura and not distinct (a, b) ...5
 


5. Hypopygium umbrella-shaped (A, B) ...6
 

- Hypopygium not umbrella-shaped (a, b) ...8
 


6. Lateral regions of prothorax continuous with mesopleura; epicnemium concealed (A, B) ...Bocchinae
 

- Lateral regions of prothorax not continuous with mesopleura; epicnemium exposed (a, b) ...7
 


7. Occipital carina complete or incomplete (A); dorsal process of paramere absent (B) ...Dryininae
 

- Occipital carina absent (a), occasionally present and complete, then dorsal process of paramere present (b) ...Gonatopodinae
 


8. Forewing with PostabR1 (i.e. radius) distal to pterostigma as long as, or longer than pterostigma (A, B) ...Thaumatodryininae
 

- Forewing with PostabR1 (i.e. radius) distal to pterostigma absent or shorter than pterostigma (a, b) ...Anteoninae
 


References

Olmi, M., Copeland, R.S. & van Noort, S. 2019. Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa 4630: 1619. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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