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Qwaqwaia scolopiae Liljeblad, Nieves-Aldrey & Melika

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea;  Family: Cynipidae; Subfamily: Cynipinae; Tribe: Qwaqwaiini; Genus: Qwaqwaia)

Qwaqwaia scolopiae Liljeblad, Nieves-Aldrey & Melika, 2011. Type in: South African National Collection of Insects, Pretoria (SANC). Type locality: QWAQWA, S of Witsieshoek, Kgotswane R, 28.37S 28.44E.

Holotype (SANC, Pretoria)
Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_habitus_lateral Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_habitus_dorsal
Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_body_lateral Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_head_mesosoma_dorsal
Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_head_mesosoma_lateral Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_mesosoma_dorsal
Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_head_frontal Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_wings
Qwaqwaia_scolopiae_Holotype_labels Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Paratype (SAMC, Cape Town)
Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Photograph Johan Liljeblad.


Photographs Johan Liljeblad.

Qwaqwaia scolopiae, adult female: A) head, anterior view. B) head, posterior view. C) antenna. D) detail of last flagellomeres of antenna. E) detail of the placodeal sensillae on last flagellomeres. F) mesosoma, dorsal view. G) pronotum. Photographs Johan Liljeblad.

Qwaqwaia scolopiae, adult female: A) mesosoma, lateral view. B) propodeum. C) metasoma, lateral view. D) metasoma, ventral view. E) detail of hypopigium. F) metatarsal claw. Photographs Johan Liljeblad.

Galls induced by Qwaqwaia scolopiae on Scolopia mundii: A) young galls. BD) mature galls, some showing exit holes. EF) sections of galls containing live larvae. Photographs Stefan Neser (ARC).


South Africa.


Gall inducer on Scolopia mundii (Salicaceae), a woody plant of the eudicot subclass Rosidae.


Liljeblad, J., Nieves-Aldrey, J.L., Neser, S. & Melika, G. 2011. Adding another piece to the cynipoid puzzle: the description of a new tribe, genus and species of gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) endemic to The Republic of South Africa. Zootaxa 2806: 3552.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353


Photographs of holotype and paratype and map illustration Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa); B&W SEM photographs  Johan Liljeblad; photographs of galls Stefan Neser (ARC).

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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