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Anacharoides pallida Quinlan

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae; Subfamily: Aspicerinae; Genus: Anacharoides)

Anacharoides pallida Quinlan, 1979. Holotype: in Natural History Museum, London (BMNH). Type localitySouth Africa, Katberg.

Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_habitus Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_mesosoma_dorsal
Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_mesosoma_lateral Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_head
Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_wing Anacharoides_pallida_SAM-HYM-P024717_labels

Distribution

Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Palaearctic region: Spain (Canary Islands).

Biology

Circumstantial evidence (host data lacking) suggests this species is a parasitoid of syrphids: one male deposited in SANCI (above) has label data stating “ex syrphid pupa in psyillid gall...”

Diagnosis

This is the only species of Anacharoides with a shagreened mesoscutum, entirely lacking rugae and/or strigae; all other species have much more substantial sculptural elements on the mesoscutum. Quinlan (1979: figs 74–77) figured A. eurytergis Benoit, A. nigra Quinlan, A. decellius Quinlan and A. pallida as all lacking mesoscutal sculpturing; holotypes of the three former species were all examined and determined to belong to A. striaticeps. Further, none of these three former species have a shagreened mesoscutum as does A. pallida; this observation further underscores how easily these characters can be misinterpreted if lighting is not carefully controlled.

References

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2009. A world revision of Anacharoides Cameron, 1904 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) with a description of a new species. Zookeys 20: 245-274.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS)

 

Next genus: Aspicera


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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