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Charipinae

Charipine wasps of the World

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae)

ClassificationCynipoidea keys

Alloxysta Foerster, 1869 (Worldwide)
Apocharips Fergusson, 1986 (Afrotropical, Neotropical, Palaearctic)
  Dilapothor Paretas-Martinez and Pujade-Villar, 2006 (Australasian)
Dilyta Förster, 1869 (Afrotropical, Nearctic, Oriental, Palaearctic)
 

Lobopterocharips Paretas-Martinez and Pujade-Villar, 2008 (Oriental)

Lytoxysta Kieffer, 1909 (Nearctic)

Phaenoglyphis Foerster, 1869 (Worldwide)
  Thoreauana Girault, 1930 (Australasian)

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Hyperparasitoids of aphidiine braconids and aphelinid and encyrtid chalcidoids through aphids and psyllids. Data summarized online at http://www.charipinaedatabase.com. The genera Alloxysta and Phaenoglyphis are hyperparasitoids of Aphididae via Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Species of the genera Apocharips and Dilyta are hyperparasitoids of Psyllidae via Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).

References

Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2012. First record of Alloxysta Förster from Madagascar, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae). African Entomology 20: 222-228.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. A review of Alloxysta species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae) from Africa. African Entomology 21: 255266.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Paretas-Martinez, J., & Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. Revision of Apocharips Fergusson (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) with description of three new species from Colombia. Zootaxa, 3646(4), 487–500. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3646.4.8

Paretas-Martínez, J., Arnedo, M.A., Melika, G., Selfa, J., Seco-Fernández, M.V., Fülöp, D., Pujade-Villar, J. 2007. Phylogeny of the parasitic wasp subfamily Charipinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) Zoologica Scripta 36: 153–172.
Paretas-Martinez, J.; Melika, G.; Pujade-Villar, J. 2009. Description of four new species of Dilyta Förster (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 17: 207-214.

Quinlan, J. & Evenhuis, H. H. 1980. Status of the subfamily names Charipinae and Alloxystinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Systematic Entomology 5: 427–430.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Credits

 

Photographs © Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) or Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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