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Xyalophora Kieffer

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae; Subfamily: Figitinae)

Xyalophora Kieffer, 1901: 344. Type species: Figites clavatus Giraud, 1860, by monotypy and original designation.

Ceraspidia Belizin, 1952: 301. Type species: Ceraspidia japonica Belizin, 1952, by monotypy and original designation.

Xyalophora provancheri Jimenez & Pujade-Villar, 2008
Xyalophora tedjoansi van Noort, Buffington & Forshage, 2014
Xyalophora tintini van Noort, Buffington & Forshage, 2014
Distribution

Probably worldwide, but there are no published records from the Oriental region. Afrotropical region: Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gambia, Mali, Namibia, South Africa.

Biology

Parasitoids of calyptrate Brachycera larvae in decomposing substrates (Ionescu, 1969).

References

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Cynip.-Figitidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 377–384. Ionescu, M.A. 1969. Hymenoptera Cynipoidea. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România, Insecta vol IX, fasc 6, 292 pp.

Jiménez, M., Paretas-Martínez J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2008. Revision of Xyalophora Kieffer and description of Xyalophoroides gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Figitinae). European Journal of Entomology 105: 751–769.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

  Next genus: Pycnostigmus

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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