HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Key to Afrotropical Xenocynips species

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Liopteridae)

ClassificationLiopteridae keysCynipoidea keys

1. Speculum entirely striate; three undivided scutellar fovea present (no subfovea); propodeal spurs absent Xenocynips ronquisti

- Speculum dorsally striate, ventrally smooth; scutellar fovea variously subdivided (subfovea present); propodeal spurs present 2

2. Mesoscutal surface, when viewed laterally, with minute wave-like crests present, aligned with costae running horizontally; central propodeal keel forked mesially Xenocynips rhothion

- Mesoscutal surface horizontally costate, but wave-like crests not present (when viewed laterally); central propodeal keel entire, unforked Xenocynips subsquamata Kieffer


Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). ZooKeys 202: 1-154.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Ronquist, F. 1995. Phylogeny and classification of the Liopteridae, an archaic group of cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 46: 1-74.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353


Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2021 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter