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Synopeas Förster

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Platygastroidea; Family: Platygastridae; Subfamily: Platygastrinae)

Synopeas Förster 1856. Type species: Synopeas inermis Thomson, 1859; designated by Muesebeck & Walkley (1951).

Ectadius Förster, 1856: 108.
Polymecus Förster, 1856: 144.
Dolichotrypes Crawford & Bradley, 1911: 124.
Haustagaster Szabo, 1979: 178.


Synopeas acutanguliceps Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas africanus Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast)

Synopeas ambrense Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

Synopeas angulaticeps Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

Synopeas basipubens Buhl, 2014 (Togo)


Synopeas bicolor Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

Synopeas bifoveatus (Kieffer, 1912) (Seychelles)

Synopeas canopyanum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas capensis Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

Synopeas ciliarissimum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

Synopeas congoana (Risbec, 1958) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Synopeas cynipsoides Buhl, 2004 (Ethiopia)

Synopeas dentilamellatum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

Synopeas dorsale Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)


Synopeas fredskovae Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas fulvimanus Buhl, 2004 (Ethiopia)

Synopeas glabratum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas gnom Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas goengeti Buhl, 1997 (Uganda)

Synopeas ibadanensis Buhl, 2004 (Nigeria)

Synopeas iensis (Risbec, 1953) (Madagascar)

Synopeas kovacsi Buhl, 2004 (Ethiopia)

Synopeas laeviventre Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas lineae Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas longiceps Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas madagascariensis (Risbec, 1953) (Madagascar)

Synopeas mazumbaiense Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas meieri Buhl, 2014 (Togo)


Synopeas monticola (Kieffer, 1910) (Central Africa)

Synopeas nigeriana Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast, Nigeria)

Synopeas nigerrimus Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

Synopeas pallidicornis Buhl, 2006 (Gambia)

Synopeas polaszeki Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast)

Synopeas popovicii Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

Synopeas procerus Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

Synopeas rajaonarimampianinai Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

Synopeas royi Buhl, 2001 (South Africa)

Synopeas semihyalinum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas seychellensis (Kieffer, 1912) (Seychelles)

Synopeas soederlundi Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

Synopeas striatus (Risbec, 1958) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Synopeas sundholmi Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

Synopeas tanzanianum Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania, Togo)

Synopeas thorkildi Buhl, 2004 (Tanzania)

Synopeas togoense Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

Synopeas tropicus Buhl, 1997 (Uganda)

Synopeas tschirnhausi Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

Synopeas tuberosus Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

Synopeas ventricosum Buhl, 2014 (Togo. Also Oriental region)

Synopeas verrucosum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

Synopeas watsoni Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

Synopeas species




Parasitoids of gall midges (Cecidomyiidae).


Buhl PN. 2003. New species of African Platygastrinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Phegea 31: 25-32.

Buhl PN. 2004. New or little known species of Platygastrinae from Africa (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae). Entomofauna, Zeitschrift für Entomologie 25: 333-344.
Buhl, P.N. 2004. New African Platygastrinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Folia entomologica hungarica 65: 65–84.
Buhl PN. 2005. New species of South African Platygastrinae (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae). Entomofauna, Zeitschrift für Entomologie 26: 281–304.

Buhl PN. 2010. Platygastridae from the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea). Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 6: 29–46.

Buhl PN. 2011. Species of Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae from rainforest canopies in Tanzania, with keys to the Afrotropical species of Amblyaspis, Inostemma, Leptacis, Platygaster and Synopeas (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 154(1): 75-126. https://doi.org/10.1163/22119434-900000309

Buhl PN. 2014. New species and new records of Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae from
Togo (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). African Invertebrates 55: 67-117.

Buhl PN. 2015. New species of Platygastrinae from the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae). Entomofauna Zeitschrift für Entomologie 36: 313-332.

Förster, A. 1856. Hymenopterologische Studien. II. Heft. Chalcidae und Proctotrupii. Ernst ter Meer, Aachen. 152 pp.

Masner L. 1993. Superfamily Platygastroidea (pp. 558-565). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner, L. & Huggert, L. 1989. World review and keys to genera of the subfamily Inostemmatinae with reassignment of the taxa to the Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 147: 1-214.

Sundholm, A. 1970. Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea. South African Animal Life 14: 305-401.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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