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Amitus Haldeman

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Platygastroidea; Family: Platygastridae; Subfamily: Sceliotrachelinae)

Amitus Haldeman, 1850. Type species: Amitus aleurodinis Haldeman, 1850, by monotypy.

Zacrita Förster, 1878: 46. Type species: Zacrita longicornis Förster, by monotypy and original designation. Synonymized by Ashmead, 1893.
Elaptus Forbes, 1885: 110. Type species: Elaptus aleurodis Forbes, by monotypy. Error for Alaptus Westwood. Synonymized implicitly by Ashmead, 1893.
Passalida Brèthes, 1914: 2. Type species: Passalida spinifera Brèthes, by monotypy and original designation. Synonymized by De Santis, 1941.
 

Amitus hesperidum Silvestri, 1927 (Oriental, but introduced to many parts of the world)
 

Amitus species (Kenya)

Amitus species (Madagascar)

Distribution

Afrotropical: Kenya, Madagascar. Cosmopolitan, excluding Antarctica and New Zealand.

Biology

Solitary and gregarious endoparasitoids of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae).

Parasitoid of the citrus blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi, a pest of citrus trees. Native to Asia, but has been introduced to many other parts of the world as a biocontrol agent.

References

Buhl, P.N. 2001. Platygastroidea. In: Dathe, H.H.; Taeger, A.; Blank, S.M. (Eds.) "Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica 4)". Entomolische Nachrichten und Berichte (Dresden), Bieheft 7. 178 pp. pp.43-46.
Cresson, E.T. 1887
. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society. Supplementary Volume. 350 pp.
Dalla-Torre, C.G. de. 1898
. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen V: Chalcididae et Proctotrupidae. Guilelmi Engelmann, Lipsiae. [Leipzig.] 598 pp.

MacGown M, Nebeker T. 1978. Taxonomic review of Amitus (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea, Platygastridae) of the western hemisphere. Canadian Entomologist 110: 275-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/Ent110275-3

Masner L. & Huggert, L. 1989. World review and keys to genera of the subfamily Inostemmatinae with reassignment of the taxa to the Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 147: 1-214.

Muesebeck, C.F.W. 1979. Pelecinoidea. Proctotrupoidea. Ceraphronoidea. In:Krombein K. V., Hurd P. D. Jr., Smith D. R. & Burks B. D. (eds.) "Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico." pp. 1119-1195.

Credits

Photographs and map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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