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Afrotropical Pompilinae

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Pompilidae)

Classification

 

Aeluropetrus Arnold, 1936

Aetheopompilus Arnold, 1934

 

Anoplius Dufour, 1834

 

Apareia Haupt, 1929

 

Aporinellus Banks, 1911

 

Argyroclitus Arnold, 1937

 

Atopopompilus Arnold, 1937

Batozonellus Arnold, 1937

 

Cordyloscelis Arnold, 1935

Dromochares Haupt, 1930

 

Dicyrtomellus Gussakovskij, 1935

 

Elaphrosyron Haupt, 1930

 

Epiclinotus Haupt, 1929

Episyron Schiødte, 1837

Euclavelia Arnold, 1932

 

Galactopterus Arnold, 1937

Herpetosphex Arnold, 1940

 

Homonotus Dahlbom, 1844

Idopompilus Haupt, 1930

Microdrapetes Arnold, 1937

Paracyphononyx Schulz, 1906

Paraferreola Sustera, 1913

Platyderes Guérin-Méneville, 1844

Psammochares Latreille, 1796

Psammoderes Haupt, 1929

Pseudoclavelia Haupt, 1930

 

Pseudopompilus Costa, 1887

Rhynchopompilus Arnold, 1934

Spuridiophorus Arnold, 1934

Syntomoclitus Arnold, 1937

Tachypompilus Ashmead, 1902

 

Teinotrachelus Arnold, 1935

Telostegus Costa, 1887


Ndumo, South Africa. Photograph © Steve Marshall (University of Guelph).


Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Females hunt a variety of spiders with many targeting Orb-web spiders (Araneidae), capturing the spider in its web, to provision their nest with. Others hunt spiders in the genus Palystes (Palystinae; Heteropodidae). Adult wasps feed on nectar for their energy requirements. The paralysed spiders are carried or dragged to a pre-constructed nest, where they lay an egg on the spider. On hatching the larva feeds on the preserved prey item.

References

Arnold, G. 1937. The Psammocharidae of the Ethiopian region. Part VII. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 19: 1-98.

Gess, F.W. & Gess S.K. 1980. Spider vanquishers: the nesting of Tachyompilus ignitus (Smith) and Batozonellus fuliginosus (Klug). The Eastern Cape Naturalist 69: 4-7.

Picker, M., Griffiths, C & Weaving, A. 2002. Field Guide to Insects of South Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Smith, F. 1855. Catalog of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part 3. Mutillidae and Pompilidae.1-206

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort or Nadene Smith (Iziko Museums), or  © Steve Marshall (University of Guelph).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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