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Liacos Guérin-Méneville

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Scoliidae; Subfamily: Scoliinae; Tribe: Scoliini)

Liacos Guérin-Méneville, 1838. Type species: Scolia (Liacos)dimidiata Guérin-Méneville, 1838 by monotypy.
Tetrascolia Ashmead, 1903: 8. Type species: Campsomeris urvillii Lepeletier, 1845 (= Compsomeris urvillii Guérin, 1845; lapsus calami for Campsomeris urvillii Lepeletier, 1845) by original designation. Synonymy by Betrem, 1928: 166 via synonymy of the type species Campsomeris urvillii with Scolia dimidiata Guérin-Méneville, 1830.

Classification

 

Liacos conigra Micha, 1927 (Madagascar)

 

Liacos nigrita nigrita Fabricius, 1781 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone)

Liacos nigrita halima Kirby, 1889 (Angola, Eritrea, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

 

Liacos sanctithomae Bradley, 1959 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Principal Islands, Senegal)

 

Liacos semipullata de Saussure, 1892 (Madagascar)

Distribution

Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.

Biology

External parasitoids of beetle larvae (mostly Scarabaeidae) that live in soil or decaying vegetable matter.

References

Betrem, J.G. & Bradley, J.C. 1964. Annotations on the Genera Triscolia, Megascolia and Scolia (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae) (second part). Zoologische Mededelingen 40: 89-96.

Bradley, J.C. 1959. The Scoliidae of Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 23: 331-362.

Brothers, D.J. & Finnamore A.T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea (pp. 161-278). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Osten, T. 2005. Checkliste der Dolchwespen der Welt (Insecta: Hymenoptera, Scoliidae). Teil 1: Proscoliinae und Scoliinae: Campsomerini. Teil 2: Scoliinae: Scoliini. Teil 3: Literatur. Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Augsburg 62 (220–221): 1–62.

Credits

Photographs © Iziko Museums of South Africa.

Map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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