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Scolia Fabricius

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Scoliidae; Subfamily: Scoliinae; Tribe: Scoliini)

Scolia Fabricius, 1775

Classification

Subgenus Discolia Saussure, 1863

 

Scolia (Discolia) abyssinica Saussure, 1858 (Ethiopia, Tanzania)

Scolia (Discolia) affinis affinis Guerin, 1830 (Senegal)

Scolia (Discolia) affinis polita Saussure, 1858

Scolia (Discolia) alaris Saussure, 1858 (South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) ambidens Saussure, 1892

Scolia (Discolia) apicalis Guerin, 1830 (Senegal)

Scolia (Discolia) apicicornis Guerin, 1830 (Senegal)

Scolia (Discolia) atra Illiger, 1802

Scolia (Discolia) bicornis Saussure, 1858

Scolia (Discolia) bipennis Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) bohemanni Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) caffra Saussure & Sichel, 1864 (South Africa, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) chryseis Kirby, 1889

Scolia (Discolia) chrysotricha Burmeister, 1853 (South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) chrysotricha capicola Betrem, 1972 (South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) chrysotricha flavoareata Betrem, 1972 (Lesotho)

Scolia (Discolia) chrysotricha praestabilis Saussure, 1892 (Lesotho, South Africa)

 

Scolia (Discolia) delagoensis Gribodo, 1897

Scolia (Discolia) divalis Bradley, 1946

Scolia (Discolia) edwardsi Saussure, 1858

Scolia (Discolia) erinnys Saussure, 1859,

Scolia (Discolia) erythropyga Burmeister, 1853 (Lesotho, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) exilis Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) fasciatopennis Smith, 1855 (South Africa, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) feae Guiglia, 1927

Scolia (Discolia) fraterna Smith, 1855 (South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Scolia (Discolia) fulvofimbriata Burmeister, 1853 (Lesotho, South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) fulvofimbriata cinerata Betrem, 1972 (Lesotho, South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) fulvofimbriata senex Betrem, 1972 (South Africa)

 

Scolia (Discolia) heterotrichia Cameron, 1910

Scolia (Discolia) heydenii Saussure, 1891

Scolia (Discolia) hottentotta Saussaure, 1858 (Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) hova Saussure, 1891

 

Scolia (Discolia) iridicolor Smith, 1855

 

Scolia (Discolia) kirby ana Saussure, 1891

Scolia (Discolia) limata Betrem, 1972 (South Africa)

 

Scolia (Discolia) madecassa Saussure, 1858

Scolia (Discolia) megaera Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) meridionalis Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) micromelas Sichel, 1864

Scolia (Discolia) morio morio Fabricius, 1781 (Namibia, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) morio castanea Guerin & Percheron, 1834

Scolia (Discolia) morio decora (Zimbabwe)

Scolia (Discolia) morio rhodesiensis Betrem, 1972 (Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) morio rufipes Illiger, 1802

Scolia (Discolia) oliveirii (Radoskovsky, 1881)

Scolia (Discolia) oryctophaga Coquerel, 1855

Scolia (Discolia) otshweensis Betrem, 1972 (Namibia, South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) pallidipilosella Cameron, 1910 (South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) perpolita Turner, 1917 (Zimbabwe)
 

Scolia (Discolia) pommeri Dalla Torre, 1893

Scolia (Discolia) praecana Saussure, 1892 (South Africa, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) praestabilis Saussure, 1892 (Lesotho, South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) ruficornis ruficornis Fabricius, 1793 (Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia)

Scolia (Discolia) ruficornis melanaria Burmeister, 1854 (South Africa, Zimbabwe)

 

Scolia (Discolia) rufipes Smith, 1844

Scolia (Discolia) saussurei Sichel, 1864

Scolia (Discolia) senex Smith, 1855

Scolia (Discolia) smithii Saussure & Sichel, 1864

Scolia (Discolia) terminalis Burmeister, 1854 (South Africa)

 

Scolia (Discolia) tessmanni Turner, 1911

Scolia (Discolia) tisiphone Saussure, 1859

Scolia (Discolia) tropica tropica Saussure, 1858 (South Africa)

Scolia (Discolia) tropica nigripennis Saussure, 1859  (Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Scolia (Discolia) wahlbergii Saussure, 1859 (Mozambique, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

External parasitoids of beetle larvae (mostly Scarabaeidae) that live in soil or decaying vegetable matter.

References

Betrem, J.G. & Bradley, J.C. 1964. Annotations on the Genera Triscolia, Megascolia and Scolia (Hymenoptera, Scoliidae) (second part). Zoologische Mededelingen 40: 89-96.

Bradley, J.C. 1959. The Scoliidae of Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 23: 331-362.

Brothers, D.J. & Finnamore A.T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea (pp. 161-278). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Osten, T. 2005. Checkliste der Dolchwespen der Welt (Insecta: Hymenoptera, Scoliidae). Teil 1: Proscoliinae und Scoliinae: Campsomerini. Teil 2: Scoliinae: Scoliini. Teil 3: Literatur. Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Augsburg 62 (220221): 162.

Credits

Photographs Iziko Museums of South Africa.

Map illustration Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Photographs of living specimen Mike Picker & Charles Griffiths (University of Cape Town) (published in Struik's Field Guide to Insects of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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