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Mymaridae

Mymarid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Acmopolynema Ogloblin, 1946

Alaptus Ferrière, 1930

Allanagrus Noyes & Valentine, 1989

 

Anagrus Haliday, 1833

Anaphes Haliday, 1833

 

Arescon Walker, 1846

 

Australomymar Girault, 1929

 

Borneomymar Huber, 2002

 

Callodicopus Ogloblin, 1955

 

Camptoptera Förster, 1856

 

Camptopteroides Viggiani, 1974

 

Chrysoctonus Mathot, 1966

 

Cleruchoides Lin & Huber, 2007

Cleruchus Enock, 1909 

 

Cosmocomopsis Huber, 2015

Dicopomorpha Ogloblin, 1955

Dicopus Enock, 1909

 

Dorya Noyes & Valentine, 1989

 

Erythmelus  Enock, 1909

 

Eubroncus Yoshimoto, Kozlov & Trjapitzin,1972

Ganomymar De Santis, 1972

 

Gonatocerus  Nees, 1834

 

Heptagonatocerus Huber, 2015

 

Litus Haliday, 1833

 

Lymaenon Walker, 1846

 

Mymar Curtis, 1829

Mymarilla Westwood, 1879

 

Omyomymar Schauff, 1983

Ooctonus Haliday, 1833

 

Palaeoneura Waterhouse, 1915

Paranaphoidea Girault, 1913

 

Platystethynium Ogloblin, 1946

Polynema Haliday, 1833

 

Ptilomymar Annecke & Doutt, 1961

 

Schizophragma Ogloblin, 1949

 

Stephanocampta Mathot, 1966

 

Stephanodes Enock, 1909

 

Tanyxiphium Huber, 2015

Zeyanus Huber, 2015

 
Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Egg parasitoids.

References

Annecke, D.P. 1961. Two new genera of Myridae [sic] from South Africa (Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera). Kudu. 4:68-77.

Barnes BN 2014. First record of a fairyfly, Cleruchus depressus (Annecke) (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), parasitizing eggs of banded fruit weevil, Phlycitinus callosus Schönherr (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in South Africa. African Entomology 22(4): 900–905. https://doi.org/10.4001/003.022.0404

Berezovskiy VV, Triapitsyn SV. 2001. Review of the Mymaridae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) of Primorskiy krai: genus Acmopolynema Ogloblin. Far Eastern Entomologist 105: 2-3.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

De Santis L. 1972. Nouveau genre et nouvelle espèce de Mymaridae Malgaches (Hymenoptera:
Chalcidoidea). Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique 48 (12): 1–3.

Enock, F. 1909. New genera of British Mymaridae (Haliday). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 1909: 449-459, pls XII-XIV.

Fidalgo P. 1989. Revision de las especies neotropicales del genero Acmopolynema Ogl. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 46(1-4): 3-67.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Hayat M, Anis SB. 1999. The Indian species of Acmopolynema with notes on Acanthomymar (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Mymaridae). Oriental Insects 33: 297-298.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Huber JT. 1986. Systematics, biology, and hosts of the Mymaridae and Mymarommatidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera): 1758–1984. Entomography 4: 185–243.
Huber JT. 1992. The subgenera, species groups and synonyms of Anaphes (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) with a review of the described Nearctic species of the fuscipennis group of Anaphes s.s. and the described species of Anaphes (Yungaburra). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 123: 23–110.
Huber JT. 2014. Comment on Anaphes Haliday 1833 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): proposed designation of A. fuscipennis Haliday, 1833 as the type species. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 71(2): 132–133. [71(3): 181 corrigendum]

Huber J, Triapitsyn S 2017. Two genera of Mymaridae (Hymenoptera) new to Africa, a remarkable new species of Anaphes and new generic synonymy. ZooKeys 658: 39-61. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.658.11569

Huber JT, Noyes JS, Polaszek A, Triapitsyn S. 2011. Case 3554. Anaphes Haliday, 1833 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): proposed designation of A. fuscipennis Haliday, 1833 as the type species. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 68(2): 122–126. https://doi.org/10.21805/bzn.v68i2.a13

Huber JT, Read JD, Triapitsyn SV 2021. Illustrated key to the genera and catalogue of Mymaridae (Hymenoptera) in the Afrotropical region. Zootaxa 5036: 1–166. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5036.1.1

Lin NQ, Huber JT, La Salle J. 2007. The Australian genera of Mymaridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Zootaxa 1596: 1–111.
Luft Albarracin EL, Triapitsyn SV, Virla EG. 2009. Annotated key to the genera of Mymaridae
(Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) in Argentina. Zootaxa 2129: 1–28.
Mathot G 1966. Contribution à la connaissance des Mymaridae et Mymarommidae d’Afrique
centrale (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea). Bulletin & Annales de la Société Royale d’Entomologie
de Belgique
102: 213–239.
Noyes, J.S. & Valentine, E.W. 1989. Mymaridae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) - introduction and review of genera. Fauna of New Zealand. 17: 1-95.

Ogloblin AA. 1946. Descriptions of new genera and species of Mymaridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Iowa State College Journal of Science. 20(3):277-295.

Schauff ME. 1981. A review of Nearctic species of Acmopolynema Ogloblin (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 83: 444-460.

Triapitsyn S. V. 2017. Polynema (Polynema) dikobraz sp. nov., a remarkable fairyfly (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from Madagascar. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(14): 1–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.12976/jib/2017.5.14

Triaptsyn SV, Berezovskiy VV. 2007. Review of the Oriental and Australian species of Acmopolynema with taxonomic notes on Palaeoneura and Xenopolynema stat. rev. and description of a new genus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Zootaxa 1455: 63.

Triaptsyn SV, Berezovskiy VV, Viggiani G. 2013. Taxonomic notes on three little-known species of Cleruchus Enock (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) described by S. Novicky from Europe.
North-Western Journal of Zoology 9(1): 6–15.

van Noort S, Triapitsyn SV. 2018. Revision of the Polynema dikobraz species-group with description of a remarkable new species from South Africa (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Mymaridae). ZooKeys 783: 67-84. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.783.26872
Viggiani, G. 1974. Notizie sui mimaridi terricoli, con proposte sinonimiche per il genere Clerchus Enock. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 106(3/4): 86-88.

Xu M, Lin NQ. 2002. A taxonomic study of the genus Acmopolynema Ogloblin (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 24(2): 142.

Credits

Photographs © John Huber & Jennifer Read (Canadian National Collection of Insects) or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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