HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Courtella_wardi_female and male

Afrotropical Chalcidoidea

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)

Agaonidae

Aphelinidae

Azotidae

Chalcididae

Encyrtidae 

Eriaporidae

Eucharitidae

Eulophidae

Eupelmidae

Eurytomidae

Leucospidae

Megastigmidae

Mymaridae

Ormyridae

Perilampidae

Pteromalidae

Signiphoridae

Tanaostigmatidae

Tetracampidae

Torymidae

Trichogrammatidae

Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids of insect (12 Orders), spider (Aranaea), mite (Acari) or nematode (Family Anguinidae) larvae (occasionally adults); or phytophagous: gall formers, seed eaters or inquilines in galls of other species.

References

Aguiar AP, Deans AR, Engel MS, Forshage M, Huber JT, Jennings JT, Johnson NF, Lelej AS, Longino JT, Lohrmann V, Miko I. 2013. Order Hymenoptera. In: Zhang, Z.-Q.(Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa 3703: 51-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.12

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Bouček, Z. 1974. A revision of the Leucospidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the world. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology Supplement 23: 1-241.

Branstetter MG, Childers AK, Cox-Foster D, Hopper KR, Kapheim KM, Toth AL, Worley KC. 2018. Genomes of the Hymenoptera. Current Opinion in Insect Science 25: 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cois.2017.11.008

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Ghesquière, J. 1946. Contribution à l'étude de microhyménoptères du Congo Belge. X. Nouvelles dénominations pour quelques genres de Chalcidoidea et Mymaroidea. XI. Encore les gn. Chalcis, Smiera, et Brachymeria (Hym. Chalcidoidea). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 39: 371.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Heraty, J.M. 2017. Catalog of World Eucharitidae, 2017. Electronic publication: https://hymenoptera.ucr.edu/EucharitidaeCatalog2017.pdf

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Jansta, P & Cruaud, A & Delvare, G & Genson, G & Heraty, J & Krizkova, B & Rasplus, J-Y. 2017. Torymidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) revised: Molecular phylogeny, circumscription and reclassification of the family with discussion of its biogeography and evolution of life-history traits. Cladistics. 10.1111/cla.12228.

Johnson BR, Borowiec ML, Chiu JC, Lee EK, Atallah J, Ward PS. 2013. Phylogenomics resolves evolutionary relationships among ants, bees, and wasps. Current Biology 23: 2058–2062. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050

Kirby, W.F. 1883. Remarks on the genera of the subfamily Chalcidinae, with synonymic notes and descriptions of new species of Leucospidinae and Chalcidinae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 17 (98): 53-78, pls 3, 4.

Kirby, W.F. 1900. Expedition to Sokotra XII: descriptions of the new species of Hymenoptera. Bulletin of the Liverpool Museums 3 (1): 13-24.
Kirby, W.F. 1903. Arthropoda. Insecta: Hymenoptera. In: Forbes H.O. (ed.), The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-El-Kuri: 233-260, pls 15, 16.
Klug F.F. 1834. Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones insectorum, quae in itinere per Africam borealem et Asiam occidentalem Friderici Guilelmi Hemprich et Christiani Godofredi Ehrenberg, studio, novae aut illustratae redierunt. Pars Zoologica. Insecta. 4. Berlin (G. Reimer): pls 31-40.

Madl, M. & Schwarz, M. 2012. Catalogue and faunistics of the family Leucospidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the Ethiopian region excluding Malagasy subregion. Linzer biologische Beiträge 44: 1221-1235.

Munro, J.B., Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. 2011. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e27023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027023

Noyes, J.S. 2014. Universal Chalcidoidea Database, Natural History Museum London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/chalcidoids/index.html

Peters RS, Krogmann L, Mayer C, Donath A, Gunkel S, Meusemann K, Kozlov A, Podsiadlowski L, Petersen M, Lanfear R, Diez PA. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27:1013-1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.01.027

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar 13: 7-409.

Risbec, J. 1951. Chalcidoïdes d'A.O.F. Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 13: 1110-1130.

Risbec, J. 1952. Contribution à l'étude des Chalcidoïdes de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institute Scientifique de Madagascar, Série E 2: 1–449.

Risbec J. 1954. Chalcidoides et Proctotrupoides de l’Afrique occidentale française (3. Supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Française de l’Afrique Noire 16 (2): 524-552.

Risbec J. 1954. Chalcidoides et Proctotrupoides de l’Afrique occidentale française (3. Supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Française de l’Afrique Noire 16 (2): 524-552.

Risbec J. 1956. Hyménoptères parasites du Cameroun. Bulletin de l’Institut français d’Afrique noire sér. A, Sciences naturelles 18 (1): 97-164.

Risbec J. 1957. Hyménoptères, Proctotrupidae et Chalcidoïdes. Mémoires de l’Institut scientifique de Madagascar (E) 8: 321-366.

Risbec, J. 1958. Chalcidoïdes nouveaux d'Afrique du Sud. Occasional Papers of the National Museum of Southern Rhodesia No 22(B):147-162.

Risbec J. 1958. Contributions a la connaissance des Hymenopteres Chalcido!des et Proctotrupoldes de rAfrique Noire. Ann. Mus. Congo BeIge Tervuren, in-8°, Zool. 64: 1-139.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Westwood J.O. 1839. Die Hymenopteren-Gattung Leucospis, monographisch behandelt. Zeitschrift für Entomologie 1 (2): 237-266, pls 3, 4.

Westwood, J.O. 1868. Descriptions of new genera and species of Chalcididae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1868:xxxvii

Credits

Photographs and illustrations © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2021 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter