HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Torymus_Vida_van_der_Walt

Torymidae

Torymid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Chalcimerinae (Western Palaearctic)
Glyphomerinae (Holarctic)
Microdontomerinae
Monodontomerinae
Podagrioninae
Toryminae
Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Ectoparasitoids or phytophagous inquilines of gall-forming insects usually Cynipidae and Cecidomyiidae. Or primary parasitoids or hyperparasitoids of various Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, or Coccoidea (Gibson, 1993; Grissell, 1995).

References

Bouček, Z. 1978. A study of the non-podagrionine Torymidae with enlarged hind femora, with a key to the African genera (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 41: 91-134.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Grissell, E.E. 1995. Toryminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae). Associated Publishers, Gainesville, Florida, 470pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Janšta, P & Cruaud, A & Delvare, G & Genson, G & Heraty, J & Krizkova, B & Rasplus, J-Y. 2017. Torymidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) revised: Molecular phylogeny, circumscription and reclassification of the family with discussion of its biogeography and evolution of life-history traits. Cladistics. 10.1111/cla.12228.

Janšta P, Delvare G, Krogmann L, Schütte K, Peters RS. 2016. Systematics, biology and distribution of Microdontomerus iridis (Picard, 1930), comb. n. (Hymenoptera, Torymidae, Toryminae, Microdontomerini), a parasitoid of Mantodea oothecae. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 48: 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3897/JHR.48.7470

Lotfalizadeh, H & Gharali, B & Rasplus, J-Y.2020. Thaumatorymus Ferrière and Novicky, 1954 (Hymenoptera: Torymidae), a rare and monotypic genus discovered in Iran. Journal of Crop Protection 9 (3): 411-419.

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar 13: 7-409.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or © Vida van der Walt (header image), or photographs http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ © The Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London, or photographs © Petr Jansta (Charles University, Prague).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2021 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter