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Key to species of Anacharoides

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys


Mesoscutum variously sculptured, usually coriaceous, with or without rugae and or strigae; notauli distinctly wider posteriorly than anteriorly; anterior admedial signum with one or more lateral struts (SS) present 2

AAS, antero-admedial signum; NOT, notaulus; MSK, mesoscutal keel; PMF, postero-mesoscutal fovea; PS, parapsidal signum; SA, scutellar acetabulum; SF, scutellar fovea; SS, antero-admedial signum strut.


Mesoscutum entirely shagreen, no distinctive rugae or strigae present (at most, with very slight wrinkles); notauli the same width across entire expanse of mesoscutum; anterior admedial signum lacking any lateral strut Anacharoides pallida Quinlan


Central mesoscutum gently coriaceous to shagreened and gently wrinkled, no rugae or strigae 3


Central mesoscutum shagreened without gentle wrinkles, but instead with random, concentrated rugae or distinct, large strigae 4


Two to three distinct anterior admedial signum struts (SS) present on anterior of mesoscutum, typically one major strut posteriorly, one minor one anteriorly (at margin of pronotum) and often a third, faint strut between these aforementioned struts; F1 of female antenna at most 1.5 x length of F2 Anacharoides quadrus Quinlan


At most two distinct anterior admedial signum struts present; typically one major strut posteriorly and one very small minor one anteriorly; F1 of female antenna nearly 2 x length of F2 Anacharoides paragi Benoit


Central mesoscutum variously rugose-strigate with no distinct ridges dominating the surface 5


Central mesoscutum dominated by 4-5 distinct strigae radiating from the mesoscutal keel Anacharoides stygius Benoit


Antero-admedial signum struts distinctly larger than all other mesoscutal rugae; inter antero-admedial signum ridges absent; male antennal F1 nearly cylindrical, slightly kinked at midpoint, not excavated laterally Anacharoides nicknacki Buffington & van Noort


Antero-admedial signum struts indistinct from all other mesoscutal rugae; inter antero-admedial signum ridges present; male antennal F1 distinctly expanded apically, strongly excavated laterally Anacharoides striaticeps Cameron


Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2009. A world revision of Anacharoides Cameron, 1904 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) with a description of a new species. ZooKeys 20: 245-274.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353


Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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