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ClassificationOpiinae keys


of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

Ademon Haliday, 1833


Biosteres Förster, 1862

Bitomus Szépligeti, 1910

Desmiostoma Förster, 1862

Diachasmimorpha Viereck, 1913


Fopius Wharton, 1987

Opius Wesmael, 1835


Phaedrotoma Förster, 1862

Pseudorhinoplus Fischer, 1972

Psyttalia Walker, 1860


Rhynchosteres Fischer, 1965

Sternaulopius Fischer, 1965

Utetes Förster, 1862

Xynobius Förster, 1862


Solitary endoparasitoids of Cyclorrhapha (Diptera) larvae.




Fischer, M. 1963. Die Opiinae der äthiopischen Region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 13: 662-747.

Fischer, M. 1971. Index of entomophagous insects, Hym., Braconidae, World Opiinae. Le François, Paris, France. 189 pp.

Fischer, M. 1972. Hymenoptera: Braconidae (Opiinae I) Das Tiereich 91, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany. xii + 620 pp.

Fischer, M. 1977. Hymenoptera: Braconidae (Opiinae II-Amerika). Das Tiereich 91, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany. xxvii + 1001 pp

Fischer, M. 1987. Hymenoptera: Braconidae (Opiinae III-äthiopische, orientalische, autralische und oceanische Region. Das Tierreich 104, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany. xv + 734 pp.

Haran J, Grove T, van Noort S, Benoit L, Addison, P. 2019. Natural biocontrol of fruit flies by parasitoids in indigenous hosts: a perspective for management of populations in and out of the orchard. Biological Control 137: October 2019, 104022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2019.104022

van Achterberg, C. & Prinsloo, G.L. 2012. Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Opiinae, Alysiinae) reared from aquatic leaf-mining Diptera on Lagarosiphon major (Hydrocharitaceae) in South Africa. African Entomology 20: 124–133.

van Noort S, Smith R, Coetzee JA. 2021. Identity of parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae and Eulophidae) reared from aquatic leaf-mining flies (Diptera: Ephydridae) on invasive Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa in South Africa. African Invertebrates 62: 287–314. https://doi.org/10.3897/afrinvertebr.62.62842


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Kees van Achterberg (Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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