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Braconidae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

  Acampsohelconinae

Agathidinae

Alysiinae

Amicrocentrinae

Aphidiinae

  Blacinae
  Brachistinae

Braconinae

Cardiochilinae

Charmontinae

Cheloninae

 

Dirrhopinae

Doryctinae

Ecnomiinae

Euphorinae

  Exothecinae
 

Gnamptodontinae

Helconinae

 

Homolobinae

  Hormiinae
 

Ichneutinae

Khoikhoiinae

  Lysiterminae

Macrocentrinae

 

Meteorideinae

Apanteles_nigrofemoratus_habitus

Microgastrinae

 

Miracinae

Opiinae

 

Orgilinae

  Pambolinae
  Rhysipolinae
Rhyssalinae

Rogadinae

 

Sigalphinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Koinobiont or idiobiont endoparasitoids of insect immature stages or adults. Most commonly larva of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera, but also Hemiptera nymphs and adults; Orthoptera and Psocoptera nymphs; adult Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and Chrysopidae; Symphyta larvae; Diptera larva; Isoptera and Embioptera.

References

Belokobylskij, S.A. 1992. [On the classification and phylogeny of the braconid wasps subfamilies Doryctinae and Exothecinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) Part 1.] Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye. 71(4):900-927. [Entomological Review. 72(6):109-137.]
Belokobylskij, S.A. 2006. Neoheterospilus gen. n., a new genus of the tribe Heterospilini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Doryctinae) with highly modified ovipositor and a worldwide distribution. Insect Systematics and Evolution, 37, 149–178.
https://doi.org/10.1163/187631206788831119

Belokobylskij, S.A. 2011. Review of the genus Stephanospathius Belokobylskij, 1992 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), with discussion of their tribal position. Zookeys. 118 :1-17.

Belokobylskij, S.A. 2013. The First Record of the Genus Doryctinus Roman, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Doryctinae) in the Old World, with description of a new species from Africa. Annales Zoologici 63: 113-122. doi: 10.3161/000345413X666165

Belokobylskij, S.A. 2020. Two new species of the genus Neoheterospilus Belokobylskij, 2006 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae) from Yemen. Zootaxa 4853: 591–600. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4853.4.8.

Belokobylskij, SA, Zaldivar-Riverón, A & Quicke, DLJ. 2004. Phylogeny of the genera of the parasitic wasps subfamily Doryctinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) based on morphological evidence. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 142(3): 369-404.

Broad GR. 2021. Taxonomic changes in Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), and notes on certain type specimens. Zootaxa 4941: 511–541. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4941.4.3

Brues, C.T. 1926. Studies on Ethiopian Braconidae with a catalogue of the African species. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 61:206-436.
Brues, C.T. 1924. Some South African parasitic Hymenoptera of the families Evaniidae, Braconidae, Alysiidae, and Plumariidae in the South African Museum with a catalogue of the known species. Annals of the South African Museum. 19:1-150.

Brullé, M.A. 1846. Tome Quatričme. Des Hyménoptčres. Les Ichneumonides. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A. "Histoire Naturelles des Insectes." Paris. 680 pp. pp. 56-521.
Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Record of the Albany Museum 1: 25-160. 
Cameron, P. 1905. On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa (Second paper). Record of the Albany Museum. 1: 185-244

Cameron, P. 1905. On some new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Cape Colony and Transvaal. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 15: 195-257.
Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Cameron, P. 1909. On some African species of Braconinae in the Royal Berlin Zoological Museum. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab 30: 1-27. 
Cameron, P. 1910. On some African species of the subfamilies Exothecinae, Aphrastobraconinae, Cheloninae, Doryctinae, Cardiochilinae and Microgasterinae in the Royal Berlin Zoological Museum. Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 81: 433-450.

Cameron, P. 1911. On the parasitic Hymenoptera collected by Mr. A.J.T. Janse, Transvaal. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 2: 173-217.

Cameron, P. 1912. On the Hymenoptera from Belgian Congo in the Congo Museum, Tervueren. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 56:357-401.
Dalla Torre, C.G. de. 1901. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol.III: Trigonalidae, Megalyridae, Stephanidae, Ichneumonidae, Agriotypidae, Evaniidae, Pelecinidae. Guilelmi Engelmann. 1901:1-544.

Dangerfield PC, Austin AD, Whitfield JB. 1999. Systematics of the world genera of Cardiochilinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 13: 917-976.

De Saeger, H. 1942. Espčces nouvelles de Streblocera du Congo belge (Hym. Brac. Europhorinae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines. 35(1941): 376-385.

De Saeger, H. 1946. Euphorinae (Hymenoptera Apocrita). Fam. Braconidae. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G.F. de Witte (1933-1935). 50:1-245.
Enderlein, G. 1912. Zur Kenntnis der Spathiinen und einiger verwandter Gruppen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 78(A):1-37.
Enderlein, G. 1901. Neue Evaniiden, Stephaniden, Mutilliden (Apterogyna), Proctotrupiden und Chalcididen, mit einer Bestimmungstabelle der africanischen Stephaniden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 1(3):187-220.

Enderlein, G. 1920. Zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Braconiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 84(A)11(1918): 1-224. 
Fernandez-Triana J, Shaw MR, Boudreault C, Beaudin M, Broad GR 2020
. Annotated and illustrated world checklist of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). ZooKeys 920: 1-1089. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.920.39128

Fischer, M. 1962. Neue Braconiden-Parasiten von schädlichen Insekten (Hymenoptera). Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie. 49:297-312.
Fischer, M. 1981. Untersuchungen an Stephaniscini aus dem Britischen Museum in London und dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Museum in Budapest (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Doryctinae). Oesterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse Sitzungsberichte Abteilung I. 190(6-7): 121-160.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. (A)2: 1-428.

Kieffer, J.J. 1904. Stephanides. In: André E. (ed.) "Species des Hyménoptčres d'Europe & d'Algérie. Tome 7." 748 pp. (Stephanidae pp. 471-490).

Marsh, P.M. 1965. The Nearctic Doryctinae, 1.A review of the subfamily with a revision of the tribe Hecabolini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58:668-699.

Nixon, G.E.J. 1943. A revision of the Spathiinae of the Old World (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 93:173-456.
Nixon, G.E.J. 1954. Two new braconid parasites of wood-boring Coleoptera (Hymenoptera). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 12(7):380-384.

Quicke, D. L. 2014. The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps: Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 704 pages.

Quicke, D.L.J. & van Achterberg, C. 1990. Phylogeny of the subfamilies of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 258, 1–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.1992.tb00068.x
Quicke, D.L.J.; Ficken, L. and Fitton, M.G. 1992. New diagnostic ovipositor characters for Doryctine wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Journal of Natural History. 26:1035-1046.
Quicke, D.L.J.; Palmer-Wilson, J.; Burrough, A. and Broad, G.R. 2004. Discovery of calcium enrichment in cutting teeth of parasitic wasp ovipositors (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). African Entomology. 12(2):259-264.
Quicke, D.L.J.; Tunstead, J.; Falco, J.V. and Marsh, P.M. 1992. Venom gland and reservoir morphology in the Doryctinae and related braconid wasps (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 21:403-416.
Rahman, M.H.; Fitton, M.G. and Quicke, D.L.J. 1998. Ovipositor internal microsculpture and other features in doryctine wasps (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologica Scripta. 27(4): 333-343.

Roman, A. 1914. Philippinische Schlupfwespen aus dem schwedischen Reichsmuseum 2. Arkiv for Zoologi 8(24): 1-22.

Roman, A. 1924. Wissenshaftliche Ergebnisse der schwedischen entomologischen Reise des Herrn Dr. A. Roman in Amazonas 1914–15, 10. Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Cyclostomi prop. Arkiv for Zoologi 16(20): 1–40.

Sharkey, M.J. 1993. Family Braconidae (pp. 362-395). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Schletterer, A. 1890. Die Hymenopteren-Gattungen Stenophasmus Smith, Monomachus Westw., Pelecinus Latr. und Megalyra Westw. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift. 33(1889):197-250.
Shenefelt, R.D. and Marsh, P.M. 1976. Braconidae 9. Doryctinae. Hymenopterorum Catalogus (nova editio). Pars 13. pp.1263-1424.
Smith, F. 1870. In: Dunning, J.W. "Notes on a collection of insects sent by Mr. Ansell from Soutwest Africa." Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 1870: 531. 
Stadelmann, H. 1893. Stenophasmus büttneri nov. sp. Entomologische Nachrichten. 19:226-227.
Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M. & Young, T.P. 2005. Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Insectes Sociaux 52(4): 393-401.

Szépligeti, G. 1901. Tropischen Cenocoeliden und Braconiden aus der Sammlung des Ungarischen National-Museums. Természetrajzi Füzetek 24: 353-402.

Szépligeti, G. 1904. Hymenoptera. Fam. Braconidae. Genera Insectorum. 22: 1-253.

Szépligeti, G. 1905. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Insektenfauna von Kamerun. 29. Braconidae. Arkiv foer Zoologi 2(14): 1-11.

Szépligeti, G. 1906. Braconiden aus der Sammlung des ungarischen National-Museums, 1. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 4: 47-618. 
Szépligeti, G. 1911. Braconidae der I. Zentral-Afrika-Expedition. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 3: 93-418.

Szépligeti, G. 1913. Braconidae gesammelt von Prof. F. Silvestri in Afrika. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria, Portici. 7:101-104.

Szépligeti, G. 1913. Neue afrikanische Braconiden aus der Sammlung der Ungarischen National-Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. 11:592-608.  
Szépligeti, G. 1914. Afrikanische Braconiden des Königl. Zoologischen Museums in Berlin. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 7: 153-230.

Szépligeti, G.V. 1914. Central-Afrikanische Braconidae des Congo-Museums. Revue de Zoologie Africaine. 3: 403-420.

van Achterberg, C. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1-189.

Viereck, H.L. 1914. Type species of the genera of Ichneumon flies. United States National Museum Bulletin. No.83. 186 pp.
Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J., Eds. 1997. Manual of the new world genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). The International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington DC, USA, 395 pp.

Whitfield, J.B., Austin, A.D. & Fernandez-Triana J.L. 2018. Systematics, biology, and evolution of Microgastrine parasitoid wasps. Annual Review of Entomology 63: 389 - 406. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-020117-043405

Wilkinson, D.S. 1931. On the Indo-Australian and Ethiopian species of the Braconid genus Spathius (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 79:505-530.
Zaldivar-Riverón, Alejandro; Mori, Miharu and Quicke, Donald L.J. 2006. Systematics of the cyclostome subfamilies of braconid parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea): A simultaneous molecular and morphological Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 38(1): 130-145.

Yu, D.S., Achterberg, van C. & Horstman, K. 2012. Taxapad 2012, World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Yves Braet or Mike Sharkey (University of Kentucky) or © Kees van Achterberg (Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden) or Pascal Rousse (Iziko South African Musuem) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN, Visit the MNHN database http://coldb.mnhn.fr


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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