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Sceliphron Klug
 

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea; Family: Sphecidae; Subfamily: Sceliphrinae)

Sceliphron Klug, 1801
 

Sceliphron fistularium (Dahlbom, 1843) (Brazil, Colombia, Panama, South Africa)

Sceliphron fossuliferum fossuliferum (Gribodo, 1895) (Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

Sceliphron fossuliferum complex Kohl, 1918 (Gabon, Tanzania)

Sceliphron fossuliferum voeltzkowii Kohl, 1909 (Angola, Kenya, Tanzania)

Sceliphron fuscum Klug, 1801 (Madagascar, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Reunion, Seychelles)

Sceliphron leptogaster Cameron, 1905 (South Africa)

 

Sceliphron quartinae (Gribodo, 1884) (Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Sceliphron spirifex (Linnaeus, 1758) (Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Tanzania, Toscana, Turkey, Uganda)

Distribution Worldwide.

Biology

These wasps are Mud daubers building their mud nests in a variety of sheltered situations including inside and around houses. Females construct a nest comprising several adjacent tubes made from mud. They prey on a variety of spiders and mass provision the single cells with an egg laid on the first spider. The cells may be covered with an outer layer of mud providing extra protection to the developing larvae (Bohart & Menke, 1976).

References

Bohart, R.M. & Menke, A. S. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World: a Generic Revision. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Brothers D.J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea) Zoologica Scripta 28: 233250.

Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gess SK, Gess FW 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Links

CATALOG OF WORLD SPHECIDAE sensu lato (= Apoidea excluding bees) compiled by Wojciech J. Pulawski (California Academy of Sciences).

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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