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Chalcidini

Chalcidine wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae; Subfamily: Chalcidinae)

Classification

 

Chalcis Fabricius, 1787

Conura Spinola, 1837

 

Hovachalcis Steffan, 1949

 

Plastochalcis Masi, 1943

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Species of Chalcis are parasitoids of fly pupa (Stratiomyiidae) associated with salt or fresh water marshes. Most Conura species are parasitoids of Lepidoptera pupae, but a few are known from Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae), Diptera (Syrphidae), and as secondary parasitoids of Ichneumonidae and Braconidae (USDA, Systematics Entomology Laboratory website).

References

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Steffan, J.R. 1949. Un etrange chalcidien Malgache. Hovachalcis g.n., H. gibberosa n.sp. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (A) 3(1): 89-93.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Bob Copeland (ICIPE).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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