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Chalcidinae

Chalcidine wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae)

Classification

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Species of Chalcis are parasitoids of fly pupa (Stratiomyiidae) associated with salt or fresh water marshes. Most Conura species are parasitoids of Lepidoptera pupae, but a few are known from Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae), Diptera (Syrphidae), and as secondary parasitoids of Ichneumonidae and Braconidae. Brachymeria species are mostly primary parasitoids of Lepidoptera, but a few attack muscoid Diptera or are secondary parasitoids of tachinid and sarcophagid Diptera parasitizing Lepidoptera and Orthoptera. Phasgonophora species are parasitoids of buprestids and scolytid beetles (USDA, Systematics Entomology Laboratory website).

References

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gul MA, Soliman AM, Gadallah NS, Al Dhafer HM, Delvare G 2020. The genus Phasgonophora Westwood, 1832 (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) in Saudi Arabia: re-evaluation of its limits and description of three new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 76: 1-38. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.76.38340

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kieffer, J.J. 1912. Description de deux nouveaux chalcidides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 80:463-466.
Klug, F. 1834. Pars zoologica. Insecta. (In: Ehrenberg, C.G., 1829-1845.) Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum, etc. Dec.:i-v, 50 plates. Berlin.

Masi, L. 1943. Nuove specie di imenotteri calcididi. Diagnosti precentive. Missione biologica Sagan-Omo diretta dal Prof.E. Zavattari. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 75: 65-68.

Narendran, T.C. 1989. Oriental Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Kerala, India:
University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Zoological Monograph, 441 pp.

Steffan, J.R. 1949. Un etrange chalcidien Malgache. Hovachalcis g.n., H. gibberosa n.sp. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (A) 3(1): 89-93.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Bob Copeland (ICIPE).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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