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Phasgonophora Westwood

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae; Subfamily: Chalcidinae; Tribe: Phasgonophorini)

Phasgonophora Westwood, 1832: 432. Type species: Phasgonophora sulcata Westwood, 1832, by monotypy.
Phasganophora [sic] subg. Trigonura Sichel, 1866: 358−376. Type species: Phasganophora (Trigonura) crassicauda Sichel, 1866, by monotypy. Synonymy bu Gul et al. 2020.
Trigonura Kirby, 1883: 54, 59–60 (raised to genus level). Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.

Bactrochalcis Kieffer, 1912: 463. Type species: Bactrochalcis reticulata Kieffer, by monotypy. Synonymized with Trigonura by Steffan, 1951: 147. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Centrochalcis Cameron, 1913: 92. Type species: Centrochalcis ruficaudis Cameron, by monotypy. Synonymized with Trigonura by Waterston, 1922: 10. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Centrochalcidea Gahan & Fagan, 1923. Replacement name for Centrochalcis Cameron, 1913, nec Cameron, 1905. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Chalcidellia Girault, 1924: 3. Type species: Chalcis euthyrrhini Dodd, 1921, by original designation. Synonymized with Trigonura by Bouček, 1988: 63−64. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Urochalcis Nikol’skaya, 1952: 91. Type species: Urochalcis ninae Nikol’skaya, 1952, by original designation. Synonymized with Trigonura by Nikol’skaya, 1960: 90. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Trigonurella Bouček, 1988: 64. Type species: Trigonurella elegans Bouček, 1988, by original designation. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.
Muhabbetella Koçak & Kemal, 2008: 3. Replacement name for Trigonurella Bouček, 1988 nec Trigonurella Maa, 1963. Synonymy by Gul et al. 2020.

Classification

 

Phasgonophora baiocchii Soliman & Gul, 2020 (Saudi Arabia)

 

Phasgonophora granulis Delvare, 2020 (Saudi Arabia)

 

Phasgonophora magnanii Gadallah & Gul, 2020 (Saudi Arabia)

 

Phasgonophora reticulata (Kieffer, 1912) (Cameroon)

 

Phasgonophora rubens (Klug, 1834) (Sudan, Tunisia)

 

Phasgonophora ruficaudis (Cameron, 1907) (South Africa)

 

Phasgonophora rufoornata Cameron, 1905 (South Africa)

Phasgonophora species 1 (Kenya)

Phasgonophora species 2 (Kenya)

Phasgonophora species 3 (South Africa)

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Parasitoids of buprestids and scolytid beetles (USDA, Systematics Entomology Laboratory website).

References

Cameron, P. 1905, On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum. (Third paper) Record of the Albany Museum 1: 297-314.

Cameron, P. 1907, Descriptions of species of parasitic Hymenoptera, chiefly in the collections of the South African Museum, Cape Town. (Second paper) Annals of the South African Museum 5: 203-225.

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gul MA, Soliman AM, Gadallah NS, Al Dhafer HM, Delvare G 2020. The genus Phasgonophora Westwood, 1832 (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) in Saudi Arabia: re-evaluation of its limits and description of three new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 76: 1-38. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.76.38340

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kieffer, J.J. 1912. Description de deux nouveaux chalcidides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 80:463-466.
Klug, F. 1834. Pars zoologica. Insecta. (In: Ehrenberg, C.G., 1829-1845.) Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum, etc. Dec.:i-v, 50 plates. Berlin.

Sichel, J. 1866. Etudes hyménoptèrologiques. II. Essai d'une monographie des genres Phasgonophora Westwood et Conura Spinola. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (4) 5(4):345-396.

Westwood, J.O. 1832. Descriptions of several new British forms amongst the parasitic hymenopterous insects. Philosophical Magazine (3) 1: 127-129.

Credits

Photographs © Bob Copeland (ICIPE), or photographs © Bruce Blake.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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