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Epitraninae

Epitranine wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae)

Classification

Epitranus Walker, 1834

Distribution

Afrotropical, Australasian, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceanic, and Oriental regions.

Biology

Parasitoids of Lepidoptera Tineidae, Pyralidae, and Crambidae (Narendran, 1989). Some species are myrmechopiles or termitophiles living in nests of these social insects (Narendran, 1989; Rasplus, 1993).

References

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Narendran, T.C. 1989. Oriental Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Kerala, India:
University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Zoological Monograph, 441 pp.

Rasplus, J.-Y. 1993. L'entomofaune des termitières mortes de Macrotermes. Description
d'une nouvelle espèce de Spalangia et note sur une espèce rare d'Epitranus (Hymenoptera,
Pteromalidae, Chalcididae). Revue Française d'Entomologie (N.S.), 15 (2): 81–84.

Credits

Photographs © Gerard Delvare (Cirad-CBGP, Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex France).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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