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Torymus_Vida_van_der_Walt

Torymini

Torymine wasps of the world

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Torymidae; Subfamily: Toryminae)

Classification

 

Allotorymus Huber, 1927

 

Austorymus Bouček, 1988

Ecdamua Walker, 1862

 

Lissotorymus Kamijo, 1961

 

Mesodiomorus Strand, 1911

 

Odopoia Walker, 1871

 

Ovidia Girault, 1924

 

Physothorax Mayr, 1885

 

Plesiostigmodes Ashmead, 1904

Torymus Dalman, 1820
Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Usually parasitoids of gall-forming cynipids and cecidomyiids, rarely attacking Coleoptera or Lepidoptera; some are known as egg parasitoids of Cicadidae and a few are phytophagous (Grissell, 1995).

References

Bouček, Z. 1978. A study of the non-podagrionine Torymidae with enlarged hind femora, with a key to the African genera (Hymenoptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 41: 91-134.

Grissell, E.E. 1995. Toryminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae). Associated Publishers, Gainesville, Florida, 470pp.

Jansta, P. & Boucek, Z. 2006. A new species of Eridontomerus with taxonomic and faunistic notes on some other taxa (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 46: 211-218.

Jansta, P & Cruaud, A & Delvare, G & Genson, G & Heraty, J & Krizkova, B & Rasplus, J-Y. 2017. Torymidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) revised: Molecular phylogeny, circumscription and reclassification of the family with discussion of its biogeography and evolution of life-history traits. Cladistics. 10.1111/cla.12228.

Risbec J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l’Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l’Institute Français d’Afrique Noire 13: 7-409.

Risbec J. 1955. Torymidae et Agaonidae de Madagascar (Hym. Chalcidoidea). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 124: 149-194.

Walker, F. 1862. Notes on Chalcidites, and characters of undescribed species. Transactions of Entomological Society of London 3(1): 345-397.

Zavada, A. 2005. Notes on Ecdamua nambui (Hymenoptera: Torymidae), with a key to world Ecdamua species. Phegea 33: 155-160.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Vida van der Walt (header image) or © Janet Cuthbertson.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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